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Table 5 Results of the univariable and multivariable analyses for Bangladesh and global Moran’s I of the residuals of the multivariable model

From: Finding gaps in TB notifications: spatial analysis of geographical patterns of TB notifications, associations with TB program efforts and social determinants of TB risk in Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan

Covariate Univariable Non-spatial multivariable a
B CI B CI
Constant 52.12 9.74–261.59
Population density 0.01 − 0.002 – 0.01 4.5e-3** 1.7e-3 – 7.3e-3
Bacteriologically diagnosed −1.51** −2.45 – − 0.57 −1.33*** − 1.65 - -1.01
Testing rate 0.05*** 0.03–0.07 0.06*** 0.06–0.07
Positivity rate 12.83*** 7.97–8.52 14.44*** 12.44–16.48
Facility density 0.37 −7.17 – 8.51
Treatment success rate 5.87*** 2.82–8.99 − 0.25 − 1.52 - 1.04
Vaccination coverage − 1.22 −3.12 – 0.72 0.34 −0.39 - 1.08
Literacy rate 0.23 −0.07 – 1.20 −0.2 − 0.54 - 0.13
Poverty headcount ratio −0.62* −1.21 – − 0.2 −0.05 − 0.24 - 0.15
Stunting 0.56 −0.50 – 1.63 −0.02 − 0.36 - 0.32
Under-five mortality ratio 1.15** 0.31–1.99 − 0.05 −0.38 - 0.27
Sex ratio 0.53 −1.01 – 2.09 0.14 −0.58 - 0.86
Elderly population −1.83 −7.17 – 3.82 1.11 −1.58 - 3.88
Migrant distribution 0.88 −0.32 – 2.10
Global Moran’s I of the residuals    −0.07  
P-value of global Moran’s I    0.28  
  1. aGeneralized linear model for the natural logarithm of the TB case notification rate; not adjusted for spatial autocorrelation
  2. All coefficients (B) are exponentiated and reflect percentage change in TB case notification rate
  3. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001