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Table 4 Level of infectiousness among new adult pulmonary tuberculosis patients attending selected health facilities of two zones of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 875)

From: Delay in treatment initiation and its association with clinical severity and infectiousness among new adult pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Tigray, northern Ethiopia

Variables Categories Level of infectiousness Odds ratio (OR)
Higher Lower Crude OR Adjusted OR
Sex Male 251 257 1.00 1.00
Female 172 195 1.1(0.85–1.54) 0.8(0.59–1.31)
Age 18–34 201 201 1.00 1.00
35–44 100 118 1.1(0.66–1.71) 0.63(.35–1.15)
45–54 79 92 1.2(0.52–1.7) 1.1(0.61–1.92)
> 55 43 41 1.2(0.72–2.1) 1.2(0.68–2.16)
Educational status No formal education 178 171 1.00 1.00
Primary education 163 162 0.65(0.41–1.03) 0.4(0.22–0.81)
Secondary education 45 64 0.69(0.43–1.1) 0.7(0.38–1.3)
College and above 37 55 0.96(0.54–1.68) 0.9(0.52–1.93)
Family size 1–3 196 202 1.00 1.00
> 3 225 252 1.07(0.83–1.42) 1.6(1.16–2.14)*
Number of rooms < 2 212 146 1.00 1.00
> 2 209 308 0.47(0.36–0.62) 0.45(0.33–0.61)*
HIV status Positive 57 42 1.00 1.00
Negative 366 410 0.65(0.43–0.99) 0.57(0.36–0.91)*
Delay in days No delay (< 30) 68 197 1.00 1.00
Medium delay (31–60) 68 118 3.7(2.56–5.29)* 4.2(2.82–6.01)*
Long delay (> 60) 287 137 6(4.26–8.46)* 6.2(4.32–8.83)*
Smoking history      
  Yes 23 66 1.78(0.78–3.42) 1.26(0.69–2.29)
No 390 396 1.00 1.00
Alcohol consumption
  Yes 222 242 1.76(0.88–2.99) 1.17(0.79–1.72)
No 210 201 1.00 1.00
Access to health facility < 10 240 258 0.95(0.49–1.54) 0.92(0.51–1.61)
> 10 193 182 1.00 1.00
  1. *Indicates statistically significant variables with P-value less than 0.05