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Table 3 Clinical severity and associated factors among new adult pulmonary tuberculosis patients attending selected health facilities of two zones of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 875)

From: Delay in treatment initiation and its association with clinical severity and infectiousness among new adult pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Tigray, northern Ethiopia

Variables Categories Clinical severity Crude odds ratio Adjusted odds ratio
   Mild (< 8) Severe (>8)   
Sex
  Female 186 244 0.68(0.81–1.4) 0.9(0.64–1.27)
Male 181 264 1.00 1.00
Age
  18–34 211 191 0.58(0.36–0.94) 0.58(0.32–1.03)
35–44 110 108 0.57(0.34–0.95) 0.61(0.33–1.13)
45–54 75 96 0.64(0.38–1.1) 0.55(0.29–1.03)
> 55 34 50 1.00 1.00
Income
  Indebt 118 210 1.4(1.01–2.05) 1.3(0.86–2.03)
Income = expense 158 163 1.2(0.85–1.61) 0.96(0.65–1.4)
Saving 154 72 1.00 1.00
Delay in days
  No delay (< 30) 233 32 0.07(0.05–0.11)* 0.04(0.04–0.11)*
Medium delay (31–60) 112 74 0.09(0.06–0.15)* 0.17(0.06–0.15)*
Long delay (> 60) 85 339 1.00 1.00
HIV status
  Positive 52 47 0.91(0.59–1.4) 0.91(0.54–1.54)
Negative 378 398 1.00 1.00
Smoking history
  Yes 41 48 0.91(0.50–1.42) 1.4(0.81–2.41)
No 389 398 1.00 1.00
Alcohol consumption
  Yes 232 232 0.76(0.58–0.99) 0.84(0.61–1.17)
No 198 213 1.00 1.00
  1. *Indicates statistically significant variables with P-value less than 0.05