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Table 4 Clinical factors associated with HIV/AIDS patients’ attrition from care in Ethiopia (2005–2019)

From: HIV patients retention and attrition in care and their determinants in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

VariablesNo*SampleOR (95% CI)I2 (%)P-value
ART adherence
 Good56080198.1< 0.001
 Poor/fair  6.60 (1.41–30.97)**  
Functional status
 Working129954192.1< 0.001
 Ambulatory/bedridden  2.11 (1.33–3.34)**  
Opportunistic disease
 Yes87574194.3< 0.001
 No  0.52 (0.30–0.90)**  
Recorded appointment    < 0.001
 Yes22518197.6 
 No  0.7 (0.17–2.88)  
BMI
 Normal (> 18.5)42260170.70.017
 Underweight (< 18.5)  2.21 (1.45–3.39)**  
side effects
 Yes21196198.8< 0.001
 No  0.83 (0.03–26.98)  
INH
 Took INH42275197.7< 0.001
 Not took INH  3.42 (0.57–20.51)  
Health facility
 Health center211,717184.50.011
 Hospital  1.23 (0.58–2.62)  
Baseline WHO stage
 I and II1221,509192< 0.001
 III and IV  1.85 (1.36–2.51)**  
Baseline CD4 level
  < 200819,134198.3< 0.001
  > 200  1.09 (0.49–2.41)  
Hemoglobin
 Anemic (< 10 g/ml)2815100.35
 Normal (> 10 g/ml)  0.29 (0.20–0.42)**  
  1. No*---stands for numbers of articles, ** significant at p-value < 0.05