Skip to main content

Table 6 Salmonella disease in relation to various predictors

From: Factors associated with occurrence of salmonellosis among children living in Mukuru slum, an urban informal settlement in Kenya

Predictors ofSalmonellaTyphimurium/Enteriditis
Variables aORa(95% CIb) p-value
Frequency of family eating street food
 Never/rarely 0.84 (0.55–1.29) 0.435
 1 to 2 times/week 0.65 (0.43–0.98) 0.041
 3 to 5 times/week 0.95 (0.62–1.44) 0.8
 4 to 6 more /week Ref  
Types of water storage containers used in the home
 Directly from tap Ref  
 Water pot 2.69 (0.98–7.37) 0.054
 Pitcher 1.18 (0.38–3.69) 0.772
 Jerri can 2.63 (0.96–7.19) 0.059
 Other 2.13 (0.71–6.41) 0.178
Predictors ofSalmonellaTyphi
Variables aORa(95% CIb) pvalue
Gender of the child  
 Male 1.53 (1.17–2.01) 0.002
 Female Ref  
Age of the child  
 0–2 years Ref  
 3–4 years 1.43 (0.99–2.07) 0.059
 5–6 years 2.49 (1.70–3.65) < 0.001
 7–8 years 2.08 (1.31–3.28) 0.002
 Over 8 years 1.43 (0.95–2.15) 0.083
Keeping chicken  
 Present 1.33 (0.95–2.15) 0.071
 Not present Ref  
Type of toilet used by the household
 Public toilet 1.35 (0.98–1.87) 0.064
 Flush toilet Ref  
 Pit latrine 1.53 (0.81–2.90) 0.193
 Bush/river/canal 5.11 (1.79–14.62) 0.002
 Don’t know UD(N/A) 1
  1. aOR Odds Ratio. bCI Confidence interval N/A not applicable