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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of 140 patients with and without candidemia

From: Delta neutrophil index as a predictive and prognostic factor for Candidemia patients: a matched case-control study

 With Candidemia
N = 70 (%)
Without Candidemia N = 70 (%)Total
N = 140 (%)
p
Age (mean ± SD)67.04 ± 14.5864.91 ± 14.7165.98 ± 14.630.391
Sex
 Female30 (42.9)32 (45.7)62 (44.3)0.734
 Male40 (57.1)38 (54.3)78 (55.7) 
MaCabe classification   0.007
 Non-fatal13 (18.6)27 (38.6)40 (28.6) 
 Ultimately fatal53 (75.7)43 (61.4)96 (68.6) 
 Rapidly fatal4 (5.7)0 (0.0)4 (2.9) 
 Immunosuppressant7 (10.0)1 (1.4)8 (5.7)0.063
 Use of steroid2 (2.9)1 (1.4)3 (2.1)1.000
Underlying diseases
 Solid cancer27 (38.6)32 (45.7)59 (42.1)0.392
 Neurologic diseases32 (45.7)20 (28.6)52 (37.1)0.036
 Diabetes mellitus22 (31.4)22 (31.4)44 (31.4)1.000
 Cardiovascular diseases16 (22.9)8 (11.4)24 (17.1)0.073
 Chronic kidney disease8 (11.4)7 (10.0)15 (10.7)0.785
 Chronic liver disease7 (10.5)8 (11.4)15 (10.7)1.000
 Chronic lung diseases2 (2.9)5 (7.1)7 (5.0)0.245
 Lymphoma4 (5.7)0 (0.0)4 (2.9)0.120
 Solid organ transplantation1 (1.4)1 (1.4)2 (1.4)1.000
Site of infection
 Catheter related infection48 (68.6)0 (0.0)48 (34.3)< 0.001
 Pneumonia0 (0.0)31 (42.9)31 (22.1)< 0.001
 Primary bacteremia20 (28.6)0 (0.0)20 (14.3)< 0.001
 Intra-abdominal infection1 (1.4)12 (17.1)13 (9.3)0.002
 Skin and soft tissue infection0 (0.0)13 (18.6)13 (9.3)< 0.001
 Urinary tract infection1 (1.4)8 (11.4)9 (6.4)0.033
 CNS infection0 (0.0)1 (1.4)1 (0.7)1.000
 Non-infectious SIRS0 (0.0)5 (7.1)5 (3.6)0.058
Severity of infection
 Pitt bacteremia score (median, IQR)0 (0.0–3.0)0 (0.0–2.0)0 (0.0–3.0)0.561
 Severe sepsis9 (12.9)5 (7.1)14 (10.0)0.485
 Septic shock18 (25.7)17 (24.3)35 (25.0) 
Total parenteral nutrition25 (35.7)17 (24.3)42 (30.0)0.140
Operation20 (28.6)37 (52.9)57 (40.7)0.003
Candia colonization19 (27.1)6 (8.6)25 (17.9)0.004
  1. SD Standard deviation, IQR Interquartile ranges