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Table 1 The estimated productivity costs of non-fatal dengue episodes

From: Productivity costs from a dengue episode in Asia: a systematic literature review

Authors Countries Wage source Caregiver’s productivity costs included Average productivity cost related to a non-fatal dengue episode (US$ 2017 prices)
Hospitalized episodes
 Clark et al. [12] Thailand Unclear Yes 37.5
 Huy et al. [13] Cambodia From survey Yes 14.1
 Mia et al. [14] Malaysia Minimum wage Yes 276.5
 Okanurak et al. [15] Thailand Minimum wage of two different cities Yes Adult patient: 54.3
Child patient: 64.5
 Suaya et al. [16] Cambodia Minimum wage Yes 85.9
Thailand Minimum wage Yes 67.9
Malaysia Minimum wage Yes 143.0
 Kongsin et al. [17] Thailand Minimum wage Yes 68.4
 Suaya et al. [18] Cambodia Minimum wage Yes Average: 85.2
Plasma leakage case: 91.4
Non-plasma leakage case: 65.1
 Onuh et al. [19] Philippines Average minimum wage for non-agriculture and agriculture sectors NA 57.7
 Tam et al. [20] Vietnam From survey NA 64.7
 Pham et al. [21] Vietnam From survey NA 51.3
 Nguyen et al. [22] Vietnam From survey Yes Adult patient:
DF: 13.5
DHF: 15.1
DSS: 16.8
Child patient:
DF: 9.7
DHF: 18.1
DSS: 26.3
 Suaya et al. [23] Cambodia Unclear Yes 30.4
 Harving et al. [24] Vietnam From survey Yes 24.2
 Shepard et al. [25] Malaysia Estimation NA 196.0
 Lee et al. [26] Vietnam From survey Yes 58.0
Thailand From survey Yes 46.4
 Bhavsar et al. [27] India From survey and minimum wage Yes 155.1
 Tran et al. [28] Vietnam GDP per capita and from survey Yes 75.7
 Tozan et al. [29] Thailand Minimum wage   Adult patient:
Average: 101.2
DF: 87.9
DHF: 134.7
Child patient:
Average: 84.1
DF: 84.8
DHF: 80.6
 Tran et al. [30] Vietnam From survey Yes Median: 88.1
 Fezzazi et al. [31] Indonesia Daily wage Caregiver only Overall average: 231.8
Malaysia
Philippines
Thailand
Vietnam
 Zeng et al. [32] Indonesia GDP per capita NA 60.4
Malaysia GDP per capita NA 181.7
Philippines GDP per capita NA 41.9
Thailand GDP per capita NA 50.9
Vietnam GDP per capita NA 15.4
 Shepard et al. [33] Bhutan GDP per capita NA 37.3
Brunei GDP per capita NA 615.8
Cambodia GDP per capita NA 39.1
East Timor GDP per capita NA 9.6
Indonesia GDP per capita NA 48.0
Laos GDP per capita NA 20.5
Malaysia GDP per capita NA 198.6
Myanmara GDP per capita NA 11.9
Philippines GDP per capita NA 42.5
Singapore GDP per capita NA 1445.9
Thailand GDP per capita NA 54.6
Vietnam GDP per capita NA 10.7
 Shepard et al. [4] Afghanistan GDP per capita NA 6.7
Bangladesh GDP per capita NA 13.7
Bhutan GDP per capita NA 39.7
Brunei GDP per capita NA 927.7
Cambodia GDP per capita NA 38.1
China GDP per capita NA 127.3
India GDP per capita NA 19.5
Indonesia GDP per capita NA 52.3
Lao GDP per capita NA 22.8
Malaysia GDP per capita NA 168
Maldives GDP per capita NA 141.3
Myanmar GDP per capita NA 12.1
Nepal GDP per capita NA 8.1
Pakistan GDP per capita NA 19
Philippines GDP per capita NA 38.2
Singapore GDP per capita NA 911.6
Srilanka GDP per capita NA 51.2
Taiwan GDP per capita NA 1318.4
Tajikistan GDP per capita NA 7.6
Thailand GDP per capita NA 50.7
East Timor GDP per capita NA 74.9
Uzbekistan GDP per capita NA 10.2
Vietnam GDP per capita NA 13.2
Yemen GDP per capita NA 31.6
 Nadjib et al. [34] Indonesia From survey and minimum wage Yes 45.0–130.2
 Lee et al. [35] Cambodia From survey Yes 59.9
 Bangert et al. [36] Maldives Unclear NA 134.4
Outpatient episodes
 Shepard et al. [25] Malaysia Minimum wage NA 172.5
 Fezzazi et al. [31] a Indonesia
Malaysia
Philippines
Thailand
Vietnam
Average wage Caregiver only Overall average: 65.8
 Lee et al. [26] Vietnam From survey Yes 23.4
Thailand From survey Yes 27.7
 Suaya et al. [16] Cambodia Minimum wage NA NA
Thailand Minimum wage Yes 125.2
Malaysia Minimum wage NA NA
 Zeng et al. [32] Indonesia GDP per capita NA 33.4
Malaysia GDP per capita NA 159.6
Philippines GDP per capita NA 22.8
Thailand GDP per capita NA 12.5
Vietnam GDP per capita NA 11.3
 Tran et al. [30] Vietnam From survey Yes Median: 44.1
 Shepard et al. [33] Bhutan GDP per capita NA 17.5
Brunei GDP per capita NA 288.7
Cambodia GDP per capita NA 5.6
East Timor GDP per capita NA 4.5
Indonesia GDP per capita NA 22.5
Laos GDP per capita NA 9.6
Malaysia GDP per capita NA 173.8
Myanmara GDP per capita NA 5.6
Philippines GDP per capita NA 19.9
Singapore GDP per capita NA 1332.1
Thailand GDP per capita NA 13.7
Vietnam GDP per capita NA 8.4
 Shepard et al. [4] Afghanistan GDP per capita NA 3.8
Bangladesh GDP per capita NA 7.5
Bhutan GDP per capita NA 21.5
Brunei GDP per capita NA 519.7
Cambodia GDP per capita NA 5.6
China GDP per capita NA 71.8
India GDP per capita NA 11.3
Indonesia GDP per capita NA 29.4
Lao GDP per capita NA 12.5
Malaysia GDP per capita NA 146.8
Maldives GDP per capita NA 79.4
Myanmar GDP per capita NA 6.9
Nepal GDP per capita NA 4.6
Pakistan GDP per capita NA 10.7
Philippines GDP per capita NA 21.8
Singapore GDP per capita NA 839.4
Srilanka GDP per capita NA 28.5
Taiwan GDP per capita NA 739
Tajikistan GDP per capita NA 4.4
Thailand GDP per capita NA 12.4
East Timor GDP per capita NA 41.8
Uzbekistan GDP per capita NA 5.5
Vietnam GDP per capita NA 10.2
Yemen GDP per capita NA 18.3
 Nadjib et al. [34] Indonesia From survey and minimum wage Yes 8.1–24.6
 Bangert et al. [36] Maldives Unclear NA 75.5
Unspecified setting
 Luh et al. [41]α Taiwan GDP per capita NA The average annual productivity cost per case
Epidemic year: 176.4
Non-epidemic year: 169.3
 Carrasco et al. [37] Singapore GDP per capita NA HCA: 1669.8–3198.9
FCA: 1247.3–2281.7
 Hariharan et al. [38] India GNI per capita NA 12.7
  1. Where possible the costs were adjusted to US$ 2017 prices (see Additional file 2). In some cases, the adjusted costs were smaller than the original values reported due to changes in the country’s US$ exchange rate
  2. IS International dollars, NA not available, GDP gross domestic product, HCA human capital approach, FCA friction cost approach, GNI gross national income, DF dengue fever, DHF dengue hemorrhagic fever, DSS dengue shock syndrome
  3. a: US GDP deflators were used to adjust for inflation (see Additional file 2)
  4. α: Values were not adjusted for inflation (see Additional file 2)