Skip to main content

Table 3 Associated Risk factors for prevalence of IPIs among 610 pre-school children in the Tigray, Ethiopia, 2017

From: Intestinal parasitosis, anaemia and risk factors among pre-school children in Tigray region, northern Ethiopia

Risk factor Prevalence ratio 95% CI p value
Socio-demographic characteristics
 Male sex 1.0 0.891.20 0.714
 2+ under five children in the house 0.76 0.61–0.95 0.015**
 Any education 0.89 0.741.10 0.186
 4 or more children 0.93 0.721.20 0.611
Hygienic and environmental characteristics
 Child’s hands clean 0.89 1.00.80 0.129
 Solid waste disposed of properly 0.91 0.761.10 0.327
 Water from improved source 1.0 0.851.10 0.382
 House hold water treatment 1.2 1.01.40 0.057
 Presence of domestic animals in house 1.0 0.781.30 0.939
 Soap used in handwashing 1.0 0.891.10 0.988
 Habit of eating raw meat 1.0 0.751.40 0.855
 Latrine availability in the house 1.0 0.921.10 0.949
 Child’s fingernails trimmed? 1.0 0.891.10 0.588
 Eats fruit or raw vegetables 1.0 0.821.20 0.798
Health characteristics
 Child in contact with animals 1.1 1.01.20 0.230
 Any skin disease 1.1 0.951.20 0.258
 Did the child get dewormed(N = 427) 1.2 1.0–1.40 0.045**
 Diarrhea in the last 14 days 1.3 1.2–1.40 0.000**
 Current GI symptoms 1.3 1.1–1.60 0.001**
  1. ** = statistically significant. All prevalence ratios are adjusted for age using negative binomial regression