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Table 1 Prevalence of IPIs and Anaemia among 610 pre-school children in Tigray, Ethiopia, 2017

From: Intestinal parasitosis, anaemia and risk factors among pre-school children in Tigray region, northern Ethiopia

Risk factors Categories No (%)(n = 610) IPI Prevalence % Anaemia Prevalence %
Sex Girls 284 (46.6) 57.4 19.7
Boys 326 (53.4) 58.6 23.3
Age (months) 6–11 32 (5.3) 46.9 28.1
12–23 108 (17.7) 50.0 43.5
24–35 160 (26.2) 54.4 26.9
36–47 149 (24) 61.1 14.8
48–59 161 (26.4) 66.5 6.8
The habit of a child playing in soil Never 23 (3.8) 52.2 30.4
Sometimes 135 (22.1) 54.1 25.9
Regularly 452 (74.1) 59.5 19.9
Child shoe wearing habit Never 49 (8) 59.2 22.4
Sometimes 202 (33.1) 56.4 20.3
Regularly 359 (58.9) 58.8 22.3
Family monthly income in Ethiopian birr < 500 birr 99 (16.2) 62.6 25.3
500-2000birr 451 (73.8) 57.6 22.4
> 2000 birr 60 (9.8) 53.3 10.0
Consumption of raw vegetables Never 106 (17.4) 58.5 17.0
Sometimes 472 (77.4) 57.6 22.5
Always 32 (5.2) 62.5 25.0
Child fingernail status Untrimmed 295 (48.4) 59.3 19.3
Trimmed 315 (51.6) 56.8 23.8
Child hand cleanness Unclean 243 (39.8) 63.4 16.5
Clean 367 (60.2) 54.5 25.1
Child hand washing habit with soap before a meal Never 80 (13.1) 60.0 23.8
Sometimes 344 (56.4) 57.3 20.9
Always 186 (30.5) 58.6 22.0
Number of children in the house < 4 144 (23.6) 59.4 22.5
≥4 466 (76.4) 53.5 18.8
Number of under five children in the house 1 482 (79) 61.0 20.7
2 and more 128 (21) 46.9 25.0
Mother’s educational level Illiterate 354 (58) 61.6 24.0
Primary school 193 (31.6) 53.9 17.6
Secondary school 54 (8.9) 50.8 20.6
Mother’s/guardian’s Occupation House wife 562 (92.1) 58.2 22.2
Governmental employee 19 (3.1) 42.1 15.8
Self-employed 29 (4.8) 65.5 13.8
Household water source Unprotected 470 (77) 58.9 20.9
Protected 140 (23) 55.0 24.3
Solid waste disposal Improper 559 (91.7) 62.7 15.7
Proper 51 (8.3) 57.6 22.2
Use household water treatment No 460 (74.4) 55.7 23.3
Yes 150 (24.6) 65.3 16.7
Toilet availability No 246 (40.3) 58.1 18.7
Yes 364 (59.7) 58.0 23.6
Child contact with pet animals Never 366 (60) 56.0 24.0
Sometimes 149 (24.4) 62.4 19.5
Regularly 95 (15.6) 58.9 15.8
Child deworming (n = 578) No 183 (31.7) 49.7 27.3
Yes 395 (68.3) 61.6 19.2
Diarrhea in the last 14 days No 437 (71.6) 53.8 21.5
Yes 173 (28) 68.8 22.0
Current GI symptoms No 475 (77.9) 53.9 21.5
Yes 135 (22) 72.6 22.2