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Table 3 Characteristics of patients with CC398 diabetic foot infection

From: Epidemiology and risk factors of Staphylococcus aureus CC398 bone and joint infections

 CC 398 DFI (n = 37)Non CC 398 DFI (n = 207)UnivariateMultivariate
P valueP valueOR (IC 95%)
Age (years), mean ± SD69.3 (±12.5)70.3 (±11.3)0.65  
Male sex, n (%)28 (76)166 (80)0.68  
Mc Cabe Score
 Non fatal, n (%)34 (91.9)192 (92.8)0.81  
 Ultimately fatal, n (%)3 (8.1)14 (6.7)   
 Rapidly fatal, n (%)0 (0)1 (0.5)   
MSSA, n (%)36 (97.3)171 (83)0.013NT 
Charlson’s comorbidity score, mean ± SD4.51 (±1.71)3.48 (±1.48)< 0.0010.0011.5 (1.2–2)
Year of infection  < 0.001< 0.0011.6 (1.3–2)
 20100 (0)29 (14)   
 20110 (0)38 (18)   
 20122 (5.4)23 (11)   
 20134 (11)25 (12)   
 20146 (16)24 (12)   
 20154 (11)24 (12)   
 201610 (27)22 (11)   
 201711 (30)22 (11)   
Recent hospitalisation (< 1 yr), n (%)21 (57)102 (49)0.51  
Bacteremia, n (%)3 (8.1)12 (5.8)0.71  
IWGDF-IDSA grade     
 3 (moderate), n (%)14 (38)174 (84)< 0.001< 0.0018.5 (3.5–20.7)
 4 (severe), n (%)23 (62)33 (16)   
  1. MSSA Methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, IDSA Infectious Diseases Society of America, IWGDF International Working Group of the Diabetic Foot, NT Not included in the final model
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