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Table 7 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of risk factors for oropharnygeal carriage among primary school children in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia, January to April 2019

From: Carriage rate of Neisseria meningitidis, antibiotic susceptibility pattern and associated risk factors among primary school children in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia

VariablesN. meningitidisCOR (95% C.I.)AOR (95% C.I.)P-value
Yes n(%)No n(%)
Sex
 Male30 (10.6)253 (89.4)1.12 (0.634–1.99)__
 Female23 (9.5)218 (90.5)1__
Age
 7–1013 (8.8)135 (91.2)1.274 (0.567–2.86)__
 11–1427 (10.5)230 (89.5)1.045 (0.519–2.105)__
 15–1813 (10.9)106 (89.1)1__
Grade level
 1–424 (9.5)229 (90.5)0.875 (0.494–1.55)__
 5–829 (10.7)242 (89.3)1__
Family size
 > 529 (13.9)180 (86.1)1.953 (1.103–3.46)2.71 (1.41–5.18)0.003
 ≤524 (7.6)291 (92.4)11 
Number of beds/ houses
 Only one42 (10.5)360 (89.6)1.18 (0.586–2.364)__
 > one11 (9)111 (91)1__
Sharing utensils
 Yes48 (12.1)349 (87.9)3.356 (1.31–8.62)4.15 (1.49–11.58)0.007
 No5 (3.9)122 (96.1)11 
History of family visiting crowded area
 Yes16 (10.5)137 (89.5)1.05 (0.568–1.958)__
 No37 (9.97)334 (90.03)1__
Visiting healthcare institutions
 Yes46 (11.4)358 (88.6)2.07 (0.911–4.723)2.76 (1.098–6.94)0.031
 No7 (5.8)113 (94.2)1__
Hospitalization
 Yes14 (12.7)96 (87.3)1.40 (0.732–2.687)__
 No39 (9.4)375 (90.6)1__
Antibiotics adherence
 Yes39 (12.1)384 (87.9)1__
 No14 (13.9)87 (86.1)1.584 (0.824–3.05)__
Tonsillectomy
 Yes40 (12.6)277 (87.4)2.155 (1.123–4.136)2.84 (1.36–5.93)0.006
 No13 (6.3)194 (93.7)11 
Kitchen location
 Indoor50 (11.7)379 (88.3)4.046 (1.234–13.26)5.55 (1.53–20.17)0.009
 Outdoor3 (3.2)92 (96.8)11 
Passive smoker
 Yes8 (15.1)45 (84.9)1.68 (1.25–6.82)4.62 (1.65–12.89)0.004
 No45 (9.6)426 (90.4)11 
Number of students per class
 ≤401 (1.7)57 (98.3)11 
 > 4052 (11.2)414 (88.8)7.159 (0.971–52.79)7.81 (1.02–59.78)0.048
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