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Table 1 Demographic data for intervention and control groups

From: The effect of oral care intervention on pneumonia hospitalization, Staphylococcus aureus distribution, and salivary bacterial concentration in Taiwan nursing home residents: a pilot study

CharacteristicsInterventionControl 
N = 25 (%)N = 16 (%)p-valuec
Gender  0.34
 Male14 (56.0)6 (37.5) 
 Female11 (44.0)10 (62.5) 
Agea  0.53
  ≥ 74 years old11 (44.0)9 (56.3) 
  < 74 years old14 (56.0)7 (43.7) 
Glasgow Coma Scale score  0.12
  ≥ 8 points7 (28.0)1 (6.3) 
  < 8 points18 (72.0)15 (93.7) 
Education level  0.34
  ≥ high school14 (56.0)6 (37.5) 
  < high school11 (44.0)10 (62.5) 
History of pneumonia  1.00
 Yes19 (76.0)12 (75.0) 
 No6 (24.0)4 (25.0) 
Diabetes  0.33
 Yes9 (36.0)9 (56.3) 
 No16 (64.0)7 (43.7) 
Hypertension  0.31
 Yes16 (64.0)13 (81.3) 
 No9 (36.0)3 (18.7) 
Chronic renal disease  1.00
 Yes3 (12.0)1 (6.3) 
 No22 (88.0)15 (93.7) 
Food intake  0.15d
 Oral0 (0.0)2 (12.5) 
 Nasogastric tube24 (96.0)14 (87.5) 
 Gastrostomy1 (4.0)0 (0.0) 
Body mass indexb  0.29
  ≥ 18.520 (80.0)10 (62.5) 
  < 18.55 (20.0)6 (37.5) 
  1. aThe median age in the control group was used as the cutoff for dividing the residents into two age groups; bThe body mass index of 18.5 was used as the cutoff for dividing the residents with and without underweight; cFisher’s exact test; dOral vs. non-oral (nasogastric tube + gastrostomy) by Fisher’s exact test