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Table 1 Occurrence of Campylobacter spp. along the poultry supply chain in three sub-districts of Bangladesh*

From: Risk of multi-drug resistant Campylobacter spp. and residual antimicrobials at poultry farms and live bird markets in Bangladesh

Region Hatchery   Broiler Farm (%)   Live Bird Market (%) Total
(Sub-district) CM (%) F W CS BM-F Sub-total   W FS BM-M Sub-total (%)
Gazipur sadar 0/15 (0) 0/9 (0) 5/12 (42) 11/21 (52) 3/12 (25) 19/54 (35) 6/9 (67) 4/9 (44) 7/12 (58) 17/30 (57) 36/99 (36)
Sreepur 0/9 (0) 0/6 (0) 2/6 (33) 6/14 (43) 3/8 (38) 11/34 (32) 3/6 (50) 2/6 (33) 5/9 (56) 10/21 (48) 21/64 (33)
Tangail sadar 0/9 (0) 0/6 (0) 1/6 (17) 4/14 (29) 2/8 (25) 7/34 (21) 2/6 (33) 3/6 (50) 2/6 (33) 7/18 (39) 14/61 (23)
All 0/33 (0) 0/21 (0) 8/24 (33) 21/49 (43) 8/28 (29) 37/122 (30) 11/21 (52) 9/21 (43) 14/27 (52) 34/69 (49) 71/224 (32)
Significant Association Farm variables Category (n) p-value Market variables Category (n) p-value
Relation     [+/+]: [+/−] [−/+]: [−/−]     [+/+]: [+/−] [−/+]: [−/−]  
(Fisher’s exact)   W / (CS + FBM) [8]: [0] [7]: [11] 0.0074 W / MBM [10]: [3] [1]: [7] 0.0075
   CS / FBM [7]: [1] [5]: [13] 0.0093 FS / MBM [9]: [0] [4]: [8] 0.0046
  Difference Sub-district wise Category (n) p-value Source wise Category (n) p-value
     [+]: [+] [−]: [−]     [+]: [+] [−]: [−]  
   Gazipur vs. Tangail [36]: [14] [63]: [47] 0.082 Farm vs. Market [37]: [34] [85]: [35] 0.0125
   (Farm & market total)     (Overall sub-total)    
  1. *CM, F, W, CS, BM-F, FS and BM-M indicate chick meconium, feed, drinking water, cloacal swab, farm broiler meat, floor swab, and market broiler meat, respectively. Significant relations were determined by comparing data for each pair of cases under each category