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Table 2 Confirmation of meningitis cases, DRC, 2008–2012

From: Understanding the spatio-temporal dynamics of meningitis epidemics outside the belt: the case of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)

Serogroups/ SerotypesNumberPercentageProvinces
Collected samples486  
Received samples486100 
Positive5411 
Streptococcus pneumoniae2750Kinshasa, Katanga
Haemophilus influenzae12 
Hi b00 
Hi a00 
Hi not serotyped1100Katanga
Neisseria meningitidis713Province Orientale, Bandundu, Kinshasa
Nm A343Province Orientale
Nm B00 
Nm C457Bandundu, Kinshasa
Nm W00 
Other pathogens*1935Kinshasa, Katanga and Bas-Congo
Contaminated samples337 
Sterile samples17035 
Negative samples22947 
  1. Note: Bacterial meningitis is mainly due to Neisseria meningitidis (Nm), Streptococcus pneumoniae (Sp) and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib). *Other pathogens causing meningitis include Streptococcus spp. (n = 1), Streptococcus group D (n = 5), Salmonella spp. (n = 1), Enterobacter spp. (n = 2), Citrobacter spp. (n = 3), Staphylococcus aureus (n = 1), Escherichia coli (n = 1) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (n = 1). (Source: INRB)