Skip to main content

Table 4 Risk for Predicting Acquisition of Multi-drug Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa

From: Pseudomonas infections among hospitalized adults in Latin America: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Risk CategoryRisk FactorAuthor YearN MDRPAN ControlControl descriptionMultivariate Results (95%LCI,95%UCI); P-value
Co-occurring conditionDiabetes MellitusAraujo 2016 [12]96140Non-MDR PAOR 1.9907 (0.97,4.09); 0.0608
ProcedureSurgeryCortes 2009 [22]2472ControlOR 2.8 (0.7,11.7); 0.14
Mechanical ventilation    OR 12.2 (0.1,12.6); 0.014
StayHospitalOssa-Giraldo 2014 [19]7070Susceptible PAOR 1.03 (1.01,1.05); sig
ICUCortes 2009 [22]2472ControlOR 1.2 (0.6,12.7); 0.91
ICUDantas 2014a [15]5765Resistant PAOR 3.28 (NR); 0.02
TherapyIIATAraujo 2016 [12]96140Non-MDR PAOR 3.0169 (1.72,5.31); 0.0001
FeedingParenteral feedingGomes 2012 [30]1545Non-MDR PAOR 10.7 (1.5,91.9); 0.018
Enteral feedingGomes 2012 [30]1545Non-MDR PAOR 14.9 (3.3,94.1); 0.003
Prior antibiotic useAminoglycosideNeves 2010 [18]81269Non-MDR PACorrelation coefficient 0.31 (NR); 0.14
AminoglycosideOssa-Giraldo 2014 [19]7070Susceptible PAOR 3.09 (1.26,7.58); NR
CarbapenemNeves 2010 [18]81269Non-MDR PACorrelation coefficient 0.67 (NR); 0.01
CarbapenemAraujo 2016 [12]96140Non-MDR PAOR 0.8928 (0.51,1.55); 0.6873
QuinoloneNeves 2010 [18]81269Non-MDR PACorrelation coefficient − 0.13 (NR); 0.57
QuinoloneGomes 2012 [30]1545Non-MDR PAOR 8.9 (1.6,66.4); 0.013
3rd-generation CephalosporinNeves 2010 [18]81269Non-MDR PACorrelation coefficient 0.16 (NR); 0.31
>2antimicrobials for > 48 h in prior 30 dOssa-Giraldo 2014 [19]7070Susceptible PAOR 4.4 (1.1,17.65); NR
AnyCortes 2009 [22]2472ControlOR 2.7 (1.2125); 0.19
SexFemaleOssa-Giraldo 2014 [19]7070Susceptible PAOR 2.31 (1.02,5.2); sig
Source of infectionRespiratory tract source of bacteremiaDantas 2014a [15]5765Resistant PA5.83 (NR); 0.02
  1. a Both MDRPA and XDRPA
  2. ICU Intensive care unit; LCI Lower confidence interval; MDRPA Multi-drug Resistant; N Number; NR Not reported; OR Odds ratio; PA Pseudomonas aeruginosa; UCI Upper confidence interval