Skip to main content

Table 2 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses to show the relationship between characteristics of children hospitalised for malaria and the outcome of interest

From: Malaria in patients with sickle cell anaemia: burden, risk factors and outcome at the Laquintinie hospital, Cameroon

CharacteristicDeath, n = 176Univariate Logistic regressionMultivariate Logistic regression
OR (95% CI)p-ValueAdj. OR (95% CI)p-Value
Gender
 Male74 (42.1%)1.07 (0.79–1.46)0,6511.09 (0.79–1.51)0.574
 Female102 (57.9%)1 1 
Age group
 1-5 years110 (62.5%)0.50 (0.17–1.45)0.122¥Variable not used in multivariate regression
 6-10 years44 (25.0%)0.48 (0.17–1.28)  
 11-15 years17 (9.7%)0.38 (0.14–0.98)  
  > 15 years5 (2.8%)1  
Year of admission
 201833 (19.5%)0.77 (0.49–1.22)0.503¥Variable not used in multivariate regression
 201747 (27.8%)0.91 (0.60–1.39)  
 201642 (24.9%)1.10 (0.72–1.69)  
 201547 (27.8%)1  
Season of year
 Wet99 (66.0%)1.12 (0.79–1.59)0,512Variable not used in multivariate regression
 Dry51 (34.0%)1  
Co-Morbidities
 Yes123 (69.9%)1.29 (0.93–1.79)0,1321.14 (0.81–1.62)0.446
 No53 (30.1%)1 1 
HIV Status
 Positive1 (0.6%)0.72 (0.96–5.33)0,7451.00 (0.13–7.61)0.996
 Negative175 (99.4%1 1 
Malnutrition
 Yes2 (1.1%)0.77 (0.18–3.19)0,7141.09 (0.26–4.60)0.911
 No174 (98.9%)1 1 
Readmission(s)*
 Yes25 (14.2%)4.08 (2.57–6.49)<  0.001*1.33 (0.77–2.29)0.309
 No151 (85.8%)1 1 
Sicke Cell Disease (SCD)*
 Yes65 (36.9%)7.69 (5.49–10.78)<  0.001*9.18 (6.12–13.78)<  0.001*
 No111 (63.1%)1 1 
  1. ¥ pValue reported following Wald’s test
  2. * statistically significant at p < 0.05
  3. OR is the crude Odd’s ration
  4. Adj. OR is the adjusted Odd’s ratio