Skip to main content

Table 1 Comparison of clinical and laboratory characteristics in children admitted with malaria with and without Sickle cell disease

From: Malaria in patients with sickle cell anaemia: burden, risk factors and outcome at the Laquintinie hospital, Cameroon

CharacteristicsSCD n = 276Non SCD n = 2857tests statistics
 n%n%Chi-squarep-value
Température ≥40 °C10437,7%2759,6%186< 0.001*
Prostration (yes)20975,7%59220,7%395< 0.001*
Convulsion (yes)103,6%2047,1%4,890.03*
Hepatomegaly (yes)7426,8%1404,9%162< 0.001*
Splenomegaly (yes)8631,2%1555,4%235< 0.001*
Haemoglobinuria (yes)93,3%863,0%0,0540,817
Jaundice (yes)4616,7%260,9%243< 0.001*
Respiratory distress (yes)4215,2%32611,4%3,520,061
Impaired consciousness (yes)82,9%2187,6%8,420.004*
Hb level < 5 g/dL10437,7%1916,7%280< 0.001*
WBC > 15 (× 109 cells/L)14050,7%1736,1%558< 0.001*
Parasite density > 250,000 or 5%51,8%1364,8%5,090.024*
 meanSDmeanSDt-valuep-value
Hb level (g/dL)5,72,67,41,417,47< 0.001*
Leucocyte count (× 109 cells/L)20,310,99,85,626,660,394
Platelet count (cells/mm3)274,014175,135177,66898,57814,21< 0.001*
Parasite density (parasites/uL)54,54613,76088,54327,05320,62< 0.001*
  1. * statistically significant at p <  0.05
  2. Values in boldface are set at less than or equal to 0.05