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Table 3 Univariate and multiple analysis of intestinal parasitic infections and potential risk factors (n = 861)

From: Prevalence and associated risk factors of human intestinal parasitic infections: a population-based study in the southeast of Kerman province, southeastern Iran

Risk factorsPrevalence (95% CI)ORa (95% CI)ORb (95% CI)
Sex
 Male35.4 (29.1 to 42.4)11
 Female32.8 (28.1 to 37.8)1.0 (0.7 to 1.3)1.1 (0.8 to 1.6)
Age group
 ≤ 942.6 (34.6 to 53.7)11
 10 to 1935.9 (28.0 to 44.7)0.8 (0.5 to 1.3)0.7 (0.3 to 1.1)
 20 to 2923.9 (17.0 to 32.5)0.5 (0.3 to 0.8)0.4 (0.2 to 1.0)
 30 to 3931.1 (23.9 to 39.4)0.7 (0.4 to 1.1)0.8 (0.4 to 1.2)
 40 to 4936.2 (26.4 to 47.3)0.8 (0.4 to 1.3)0.8 (0.4 to 1.4)
 50≤25.4 (16.4 to 37.2)0.6 (0.3 to 1.1)0.5 (0.3 to 1.2)
Occupation
 Housewife30.6 (24.1 to 38.0)11
 Children32.4 (24.5 to 41.4)1.0 (0.6 to 1.7)2.2 (0.5 to 3.8)
 Student45.8 (36.0 to 56.1)1.4 (0.9 to 2.1)1.1 (0.5 to 2.1)
 Farmer32.3 (24.6 to 41.0)1.1 (0.7 to 1.7)1.0 (0.5 to 1.7)
 Employed20.3 (12.0 to 32.1)0.6 (0.3 to 1.1)0.6 (0.3 to 1.3)
 Unemployed47.0 (26.2 to 68.8)1.4 (0.6 to 3.1)1.3 (0.5 to 3.5)
 Others27.6 (17.7 to 40.5)0.8 (0.4 to 1.4)0.6 (0.3 to 1.2)
Education level
 High school29.7 (22.2 to 38.4)11
 Children under 6-yr38.5 (29.3 to 48.6)0.7 (0.4 to 1.1)0.1 (0.1 to 0.6)
 Elementary school35.1 (29.0 to 41.7)0.9 (0.6 to 1.3)0.7 (0.5 to 1.1)
 University22.0 (12.3 to 36.1)0.4 (0.2 to 0.9)0.5 (0.2 to 1.2)
 Illiterate33.0 (25.6 to 41.2)0.8 (0.5 to 1.3)0.7 (0.4 to 1.2)
Source of drinking water
 Tap water31.6 (26.4 to 37.3)11
 Spring or well water38.4 (32.6 to 44.6)1.3 (1.0 to 1.8)1.3 (1.0 to 1.8) *
Animal close contact
 No32.7 (27.6 to 38.2)11
 Yes34.9 (29.4 to 40.9)1.1 (0.8 to 1.4)1.0 (0.7 to 1.3)
Residency status
 Rural34.8 (30.5 to 39.3)11
 Urban28.6 (20.0 to 39.0)0.6 (0.3 to 0.9)0.4 (0.2 to 0.7) *
  1. aCrude odds ratio
  2. bAdjusted odds ratio
  3. *Indicates p < 0.05