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Table 2 Association between HIV testing uptake and socio-demographic and economic characteristics’, knowledge about HIV and STI, media exposure ad stigma among women aged 15–49 and men aged 15–59 [Senegal DHS, 2017]

From: HIV screening in men and women in Senegal: coverage and associated factors; analysis of the 2017 demographic and health survey

VariablesEver been tested for HIV within 12 months
Women (Yes)Men (Yes)
%CIp-value%CIp-value
Age in 5-year groups
 15–1934.230.5–38.2< 0.00117.212.7–22.90.076
 20–2459.956.7–63.1 22.518.0–27.8 
 25–2967.664.9–70.1 27.522.7–32.9 
 30–3468.866.1–71.3 27.723.2–32.8 
 35–3966.363.1–69.4 27.723.5–32.3 
 40–4459.155.6–62.6 27.222.0–33.2 
 45–4950.146.0–54.2 26.621.7–32.2 
 50–54nana 30.824.2–38.4 
 55–59nana 20.014.6–26.8 
Zone
 West74.271.5–76.7< 0.00129.425.7–33.5< 0.01
 North46.441.2–51.7 25.722.0–29.9 
 Center59.055.1–62.7 19.416.2–23.1 
 South-East51.648.6–54.6 25.923.1–29.0 
Place of residence
 Urban70.668.4–72.7< 0.00132.529.3–35.9< 0.001
 Rural53.550.7–56.2 19.016.9–21.2 
Educational level
 No education53.751.4–56.0< 0.00113.411.5–15.4< 0.001
 Primary67.364.6–69.9 21.718.5–25.3 
 Secondary73.871.0–76.4 41.537.6–45.5 
 Higher84.277.8–88.9 56.749.0–64.1 
Marital status
 Never in union55.850.4–61.20.10525.922.6–29.60.296
 Married61.559.5–63.6 26.524.2–29.0 
 Widowed53.444.2–62.3 10.82.7–34.3 
 Divorced60.354.7–65.6 18.111.1–28.1 
Never married
 No61.459.4–63.30.05126.224.0–28.70.883
 Yes55.850.4–61.2 25.922.6–29.6 
Wealth index
 Poorest42.338.6–46.2< 0.00111.69.2–14.6< 0.001
 Poor52.048.4–55.6 19.516.4–23.1 
 Middle64.661.8–67.3 25.722.2–29.6 
 Richer71.368.5–74.0 28.724.6–33.2 
 Richest74.270.9–77.4 40.134.8–45.6 
Knowledge about mother-to-child transmission
 No57.955.7–60.0< 0.00126.524.1–29.20.699
 Yes64.461.9–66.9 25.823.0–28.8 
Taking drugs to avoid HIV transmission to baby during pregnancy
 No52.750.4–55.0< 0.00117.315.2–19.5< 0.001
 Yes70.268.1–72.3 33.630.8–36.6 
Knowledge of a place to get HIV test
 No0.0 < 0.0010.0 < 0.001
 Yes76.274.7–77.7 41.538.7–44.4 
Had any STI in last 12 months
 No60.758.9–62.6< 0.00126.224.2–28.30.561
 Yes71.866.3–76.6 21.610.4–39.4 
Total lifetime number of sex partners
 160.858.8–62.90.30319.616.9–22.6< 0.001
 2+62.359.8–64.7 28.626.2–31.1 
 Don’t Know33.35.4–81.5 39.329.4–50.1 
People hesitate to take HIV test because of the reaction of other people if positive (Fear of stigma)
 No39.436.6–42.3< 0.00118.215.2–21.7< 0.001
 Yes67.365.5–69.0 28.526.1–30.9 
Owns a mobile telephone
 No48.445.6–51.2< 0.0019.96.8–14.1< 0.001
 Yes66.464.5–68.1 27.325.2–29.4 
Use of internet
 No56.254.1–58.3< 0.00115.614.0–17.5< 0.001
 Yes77.474.9–79.8 40.737.2–44.2 
Numbers of ANC visit
 None44.342.3–46.2< 0.001   
 1+71.169.0–73.2