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Table 6 Estimates of the risk of treatment failure (OR) in recurrent TB patients in southern province Zambia according to demographic and clinical characteristics

From: Urban-rural disparities in treatment outcomes among recurrent TB cases in Southern Province, Zambia

CharacteristictotalTreatment failureCrude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Setting
 Urban2565951.0 
 Rural990181.4 (0.5 3.9)1.7 (0.7 5.1)
Sex
 Male201960  
 Female1482500.8 (0.5 1.2) 
Age group
 Below 18 years268101.0 
 18–552815860.7 (0.4 1.5) 
 Above 55403171.3 (0.5 2.9) 
Calendar year
 Before 20101884541.0 
 After 20101671591.2 (0.8 1.8) 
Treatment delay
 Less than 14 days313590  
 14 days and more420232.1 (1.2 3.4)1.7 (0.9 2.4)
Classification of TB
 Microbiology confirmed103663  
 clinical2460500.3 (0.2 0.4)0.4 (0.2 0.6)
HIV and ART status
 HIV negative1382451.0 
 HIV seropositive on ART1187270.7 (0.5 1.4)0.7 (0.4 1.2)
 HIV seropositive no ART986410.8 (0.4 1.2)1.0 (0.6 1.7)