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Table 2 Characteristics of HIV-patients with and without tuberculosis screened in HIV clinics in Botswana

From: Tuberculosis treatment outcomes among people living with HIV diagnosed using Xpert MTB/RIF versus sputum-smear microscopy in Botswana: a stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial

 Patients with TBPatients without TB 
CharacteristicNn (%)Nn (%)aOR95% CIp-value
Age < 35 yearsa256108 (42.2)57843186 (55.1)0.730.55–0.970.034
Gender, female256128 (50.0)57853902 (67.5)0.760.52–1.120.155
CD4 count < 200 cells/mm3252158 (62.7)56692162 (38.1)2.161.72–2.72< 0.001
BMI < 18.5256104 (40.6)57851116 (19.3)2.411.80–3.23< 0.001
Previous TB25533 (12.9)5778613 (10.6)0.840.56–1.270.404
Smokingb25674 (28.9)57691088 (18.9)1.350.96–1.890.081
Alcohol use25655 (21.5)57701266 (21.9)0.680.46–0.990.047
Miner25625 (9.8)5770278 (4.8)1.580.90–2.790.105
  1. Abbreviations: aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval, BMI body mass index
  2. a The majority of HIV-positive children were seen at a centralized center, as a result < 0.5% (30/6041) of children were enrolled at study sites. bCurrent or ex-smoker