Skip to main content

Table 3 ART treatment related condition of cases and controls of adult patient on antiretroviral therapy at St. Luke Referral Hospital and Tulubolo general hospital, south west shoa Oromia regional state Ethiopia, 2019

From: Determinants of first line antiretroviral therapy treatment failure among adult patients on ART at central Ethiopia: un-matched case control study

Variables Cases n(%)Controls n(%)Total
NRTI baselineTDF base49(41.88)156(66.95)205(58.58)
AZT based48(41.03)44(18.88)92(26.28)
D4Tbased20(17.09)33(14.16)53(15.14)
Total117(100)233(233)350(100)
Lost to follow upYes20(17.09)14(6.01)34(9.72)
No97(82.91)219(93.99)316(90.28)
Total117(100)233(233)350(100)
Disclosure being HIV positive to family/othersYes91(77.78)178(76.39)269(76.85)
No26(22.22)55(23.61)81(23.14)
Total117(100)233(233)350(100)
Was there occurrence of drug side effectYes17(14.53)11(4.72)28(8)
No100(85.47)222(95.28)322(92)
Total117(100)233(233)350(100)
Duration on first line ART< 5 yrs17(14.53)1006(42.92)117(33.42)
> = 5 yrs100(85.47)133(57.08)233(66.58)
Total117(100)233(233)350(100)
First line ART drug substitutionYes43(36.75)48(20.60)91(26)
No74(63.25)185(79.40)259(74)
Total117(100)233(233)350(100)
Time lag to start ART after diagnosed positiveThe same month21(17..95)71(30.47)92(26.28)
1 to 24 month78(66.67)146 (62.66)224(64)
Greater than 24 month18(15.38)16(6.87)34(9.72)
Total117(100)233(233)350(100)
Baseline CD4 count< 10046 (39.32)8 (3.43)54(15.42)
> = 10071 (60.68)225 (96.57)296(84.58)
Total117(100)233(233)350(100)
Recent CD4 count< 10020 (17.09)1(0.0.43)21(94)
> = 10097 (82.91)232(99.57)329(94)
Total117(100)233(233)350(100)
Baseline hemoglobin< 1122 (18.80)30(12.88)52(14.85)
> = 1195(81.20)203(87.12)298(85.14)
Recent hemoglobin< 115(4.27)1(0.43)6(1.71)
> = 11112(95.73)232(99.57)344(98.29)
Total117(100)233(233)350(100)