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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of cases and controls of patients on ART at St Luke referral hospital and Tulubolo general hospital, 2019

From: Determinants of first line antiretroviral therapy treatment failure among adult patients on ART at central Ethiopia: un-matched case control study

Variable Case n (%)Controls n (%)Total
Base line functional statusWorking102(87.18)227(97.42)329(94)
15(12.82)6(2.58)21(6)
Total117(100)233(100)350 (100)
Baseline WHO stage of HIVStage I24(20.52)111(47.64)135(38.57)
Stage II52(44.44)84(36.05)136(38.850
Stage III/IV41(35.04)38(16.31)79(22.57)
Total117(100)233(100)350 (100)
Base line body mass index<=168(6.84)11(4.72)19(5.42)
16.01–18.548(41.03)74(31.76)122(34.85)
> 18.561(52.14)148(63.52)209(59.71)
Total117(100)233(100)350 (100)
Recent BMI<=164(3.42)4(1.72)8 (2.28)
16.01–18.512(10.26)17(7.30)22(6.28)
> 18.5101(86.32)212(90.99)213(60.85)
Total117(100)233(100)350 (100)
Base line opportunistic infectionYes92(78.63)123(52,79)215(61.43)
No25(21.37)110 (47.21)135(38.57)
Total117(100)233(100)350 (100)
OI after initiate ARTYes95(81.20)148(63.52)243(69.42)
No22(18.80)85(36.48)107(30.58)
Total117(100)233(100)350 (100)
TB co infectionYes17(14.53)12(5.15)29(8.28)
No100(85.47)221(94.85)321(91.71)
Total117(100)233(100)350 (100)
Chronic non communicable diseases during on first line ARTYes15(12.82)26(11.16)41(11.72)
No102(87.18)207(88.84)309(88.28)
Total117(100)233(100)350 (100)
Presence of malnutrition during on first line ARTYes21(17.95)25(10.73)46(13.15)
No96(82.05)208(89.27)304(86.85)
Total117(100)233(100)350 (100)
Cotrimoxazole takenYes112(95.73)187(80.26)299(85.42)
No5(4.27)46(19.74)51(14.57)
Total117(100)233(100)350 (100)