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Table 2 Malaria parasite prevalence in HIV positive and negative participants

From: Malaria parasite prevalence and Haematological parameters in HIV seropositive patients attending the regional hospital Limbe, Cameroon: a hospital-based cross-sectional study

CategoriesHIV PositiveHIV NegativeOverall
nMalaria parasite positive %(n)χ2, PnMalaria parasite positive %(n)χ2,PNMalaria parasite positive %(n)χ2,P
Gender
 Female2388.0(19)11.986134.4(21)0.06829913.4(40)0.48
 Male717.0(5)0.003*4131.7(13)0.5111216.1(18)0.29
Age (years)
  ≤ 251136.4(4)13.064841.7(20)3.145940.7(24)40.34
 26–401566.4(10)0.0013528.6(10)0.2119110.5(20)< 0.001*
  > 401427.0(10) 1921.1(4) 1618.7(14) 
Fever status
 Febrile1635(6)20.821844.4(8)1.293441.2(14)22.40
 Afebrile2936.1(18)0.001*8431.0(26)0.2037711.7(44)< 0.001*
Anaemic status
 Anaemic17311.0(19)5.674139.0(16)0.9921416.4(35)1.854
 Non-anaemic1363.7(5)0.01*6129.5(18)0.2219711.7(23)0.11
Anaemia severity
 Mild955.3 (5)7.5371637.5 (6)0.0891119.9 (11)7.443
 Moderate6918.8 (13)0.02*2240.9 (9)0.959124.2 (91)0.024*
 Severe911.1 (1) 333.3 (1) 1216.7 (2) 
Educational level
 Primary1356.7(9)5.782240.9(9)3.9415711.5(18)5.68
 Secondary1245.6(7)0.054522.2(10)0.2716910.1(17)0.20
 Tertiary2015.0(3) 1833.3(6) 3823.7(9) 
 None3016.7(5) 30.0(0) 3315.2(5) 
ART use
 Yes2926.8(20)6.23   2926.8(20)6.23
 No1723.5(4)0.03*   1723.5(4)0.03*
Duration on ART
  < 12 months3318.2(6)6.05   3318.2(6)6.05
 12–35 months826.1(5)0.06   826.1(5)0.06
  ≥ 36 months1916.3(12)    1916.3(12) 
CD4T-cell (cells/μl)
  < 200414.9(2)0.21   414.9(2)0.21
 200–499717.0(5)0.90   717.0(5)0.90
  ≥ 500616.6(4)    616.6(4) 
  1. * Statistically significant P value