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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population

From: Malaria parasite prevalence and Haematological parameters in HIV seropositive patients attending the regional hospital Limbe, Cameroon: a hospital-based cross-sectional study

ParametersHIV POSITIVEHIV NEGATIVETOTAL
n (%)n (%)n (%)
Age groups (years)
  ≤ 2511 (3.6)48 (47.1)59 (14.4)
 26–40156 (50.5)35 (34.3)191 (46.5)
  > 40142 (46.0)19 (18.6)161 (39.2)
Sex
 Female238 (77.0)61 (59.8)299 (72.7)
 Male71 (23.0)41 (40.2)112 (27.3)
Educational Level
 No formal30 (9.7)3 (3.4)33 (8.3)
 Primary135 (43.7)22 (25.0)157 (39.5)
 Secondary124 (40.1)45 (51.1)169 (42.6)
 Tertiary20 (6.5)18 (20.5)38 (9.6)
ITN usage196 (63.4)53 (52.0)249 (60.6)
IRS usage78 (25.2)26 (25.5)104 (25.3)
Clinical
CD4 T-cell count(cells/μl)
  < 20041 (23.7) 41 (23.7)
 200–49971 (41.0) 71 (41.0)
  > 50061 (35.3) 61 (35.3)
ART usage292 (94.5) 292 (94.5)
ART Duration (months)
  < 1233 (10.8) 33 (10.8)
 12–3582 (26.8) 82 (26.8)
  ≥ 36191 (61.8) 191 (61.8)
Fever prevalence16 (5.2)18 (17.6)34 (8.3)
Malaria prevalence24 (7.8)34 (33.3)58 (14.1)
Anaemia prevalence173 (56.0)41 (40.2)214 (52.1)
Anaemia severity
 Mild95 (54.9)16 (39)111 (51.9)
 Moderate69 (39.9)22 (53.7)91 (42.5)
 Severe9 (5.2)3 (7.3)12 (5.6)