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Table 7 Association of Other Enabling Factors with UTI among Mekelle University Students with Symptomatic UTI, Northern Ethiopia, February–September 2017

From: Bacteriological profile, risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of symptomatic urinary tract infection among students of Mekelle University, northern Ethiopia

Variable Total Significant Bacteriuria COR (95%,CI) p-value AOR (95%,CI) p-value
Yes No
History of UTI
 No 299 46 253 1    
 Yes 42 26 16 8.93 (5.27–28.14) 0.001 5.75 (1.70–19.4) 0.005*
History of DM
 No 316 66 250 1    
 Yes 15 6 9 2.52 (.130–12.411) 0.836 NA  
Using contraceptive
 No 313 60 253 1    
 Yes 28 12 16 3.16(2.30–8.427) 0.001 1.14(0.412–3.17) 0.798
History of Medication
 No 297 57 240 1    
 Yes 44 15 29 2.17(1.53–14.46) 0.001 1.98(0.422–9.27) 0.386
History of Catheter
 No 330 66 264 1    
 Yes 11 6 5 4.8 (1.68–22.387) 0.006 18.2 (4.45–74.77) 0.001*
Male Circumcision
 No 19 3 16 2.73 (2.120–14.063) 0.001 3.89(0.66–71.56) 0.106
 Yes 78 5 73 1    
Female Sexual Activity
 Never had Sex 177 43 134 1    
 Had sex < 3 per week 61 16 45 1.1(1.004–3.593) 0.048 1.605(0.637–4.05) 0.316
 Had sex ≥3 per week 11 5 6 2.59 (1.26–6.12) 0.015 2.16 (1.149–3.69) 0.012*
  1. Note: *Statistically significant at P < 0.05.DM, diabetes mellitus; AOR adjusted odds ratio, COR crude odds ratio, 1 referent group, CI confidence interval, N/A not applicable