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Table 6 Risk factors associated with UTI among Mekelle University students with symptomatic UTI, northern Ethiopia, February–September 2017

From: Bacteriological profile, risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of symptomatic urinary tract infection among students of Mekelle University, northern Ethiopia

Variable Total Significant Bacteriuria COR (95% CI) p-value AOR (95% CI) p-value
Yes (%) No (%)
Sex
 Male 97 8(8.2) 89(91.8) 1    
 Female 244 64(26.2) 180(73.8) 3.96(2.45–14.02) 0.001 7.42(1.25–43.96) 0.027*
Age (in years)
 16–20 29 5(17.2) 24(82.8) 1    
 21–25 217 46(21.2) 171(78.8) 1.29(0.242–3.26) 0.752 NA  
 26–30 90 21(23.3) 69(76.7) 1.46(0.41–6.24) 0.505 NA  
 31–35 5 0(0.0) 5(100.0) NA    
Current symptoms
 Dysuria No 91 9 82 1    
Yes 250 63 187 3.06(1.263–5.632) 0.010 3.38 (1.001–11.44 0.052
 Frequency No 96 13 83 1    
Yes 245 59 186 2.02(1.004–3.593) 0.048 0.73 (0.279–1.93) 0.534
 Urgency No 110 14 103 1    
Yes 231 58 173 2.46 (1.567–5.719) 0.001 1.605(.637–4.046) 0.316
 Hematuria No 290 51 239 1    
Yes 51 21 30 3.28 (1.370–6.34) 0.006 0.812(0.26–2.58) 0.725
 Abdominal pain No 80 13 67 1    
Yes 261 59 202 1.50(.813–3.040) 0.179 NA  
 Fever No 147 30 117 1    
Yes 194 42 152 1.07 (.633–1.795) 0.811 NA  
 Flank pain No 248 39 209 1    
Yes 93 33 60 2.95 (2.12–10.955) 0.001 3.776(1.552–9.18) 0.003*
 Urinary Incontinence No 215 29 186 1    
Yes 126 43 83 3.32 (3.007–9.116) 0.001 2.07 (0.855–4.99) 0.107