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Table 6 Risk factors associated with UTI among Mekelle University students with symptomatic UTI, northern Ethiopia, February–September 2017

From: Bacteriological profile, risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of symptomatic urinary tract infection among students of Mekelle University, northern Ethiopia

VariableTotalSignificant BacteriuriaCOR (95% CI)p-valueAOR (95% CI)p-value
Yes (%)No (%)
Sex
 Male978(8.2)89(91.8)1   
 Female24464(26.2)180(73.8)3.96(2.45–14.02)0.0017.42(1.25–43.96)0.027*
Age (in years)
 16–20295(17.2)24(82.8)1   
 21–2521746(21.2)171(78.8)1.29(0.242–3.26)0.752NA 
 26–309021(23.3)69(76.7)1.46(0.41–6.24)0.505NA 
 31–3550(0.0)5(100.0)NA   
Current symptoms
 DysuriaNo919821   
Yes250631873.06(1.263–5.632)0.0103.38 (1.001–11.440.052
 FrequencyNo9613831   
Yes245591862.02(1.004–3.593)0.0480.73 (0.279–1.93)0.534
 UrgencyNo110141031   
Yes231581732.46 (1.567–5.719)0.0011.605(.637–4.046)0.316
 HematuriaNo290512391   
Yes5121303.28 (1.370–6.34)0.0060.812(0.26–2.58)0.725
 Abdominal painNo8013671   
Yes261592021.50(.813–3.040)0.179NA 
 FeverNo147301171   
Yes194421521.07 (.633–1.795)0.811NA 
 Flank painNo248392091   
Yes9333602.95 (2.12–10.955)0.0013.776(1.552–9.18)0.003*
 Urinary IncontinenceNo215291861   
Yes12643833.32 (3.007–9.116)0.0012.07 (0.855–4.99)0.107