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Table 3 Frequencies of detection of etiological agents causing diarrhea and nutritional status in children at refugee camps in Gambella Region, Ethiopia

From: Etiologies of diarrhea and drug susceptibility patterns of bacterial isolates among under-five year children in refugee camps in Gambella Region, Ethiopia: a case control study

VariableFrequency (%) detectionP Value
Cases (n = 134)Control (n = 134)
Enteric Pathogen detected
Giardia lamblia21 (15.7)7 (5.2)0.008*
E. hystolytica/dispar11 (8.2)2 (1.5)0.013*
Ascaris lumbricoides5 (3.7)4 (3.0)0.74
Cryptosporidium parvum5 (3.7)1 (0.7)0.1
Hymenolepis nana3 (2.2)1 (0.7)0.32
Isosphora belli2 (1.5)1 (0.7)0.56
Shigella species14 (10.5)2 (1.5)0.003*
Salmonella species4 (3.0)2 (1.49)0.26
 Co-infection10 (7.5)2 (1.5)0.034*
Nutritional status
 Stunted
  Yes51 (38.1)38 (28.4)0.12
  No83 (61.9)96 (71.6)
 Wasted
  Yes39 (29.1)22 (16.4)0.019*
  No95 (70.9)112 (83.6)
 Underweight
  Yes50 (37.3)29 (21.6)0.07*
  No84 (62.7)105 (78.4)
  1. * Indicates that there was a significant difference between diarrhea cases and controls at p < 0.05