Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Practices about TB infection control according to health professionals

From: Difficulties in tuberculosis infection control in a general hospital of Vietnam: a knowledge, attitude, and practice survey and screening for latent tuberculosis infection among health professionals

 PhysicianNurseOthersP value
n = 140n = 256n = 44 
Practice score, mean (SD)6.89 (2.11)7.20 (1.83)6.99 (2.20)0.531
Wearing mask
 Do you wear mask when you see a patient?113 (85.0)225 (93.4)30 (76.9)0.002
When you see a patient, what kind of mask do you wear?   <0.001
 N95 respirator23 (16.7)52 (21.4)14 (35.0) 
 Surgical mask33 (23.9)63 (25.9)4 (10.0) 
 Gauze mask69 (50.0)123 (50.6)15 (37.5) 
 Never wear mask13 (9.4)5 (2.1)7 (17.5) 
Collecting sputum
 Do you open the window? (n = 382)62 (54.9)127 (54.7)22 (59.5)0.882
What is the barrier for not to open windows?
 Save time18 (16.8)28 (14.0)3 (8.6)0.479
 Do not agree to open windows6 (5.6)31 (15.5)4 (11.4)0.040
 No window23 (21.5)50 (25.0)6 (17.1)0.544
 Windows are fixed and cannot be opened13 (12.1)27 (13.5)8 (22.9)0.276
 No barrier to open windows21 (19.6)33 (16.5)4 (11.4)0.513
Do you wear mask when you support to collect sputum? (n = 399)117 (95.1)234 (97.1)31 (88.6)0.057
Kind of mask (n = 383)   0.003
 N95 respirator29 (22.7)55 (24.7)11 (34.4) 
 Surgical mask21 (16.4)64 (28.7)5 (15.6) 
 Gauze mask53 (41.4)82 (36.8)7 (21.9) 
Treating patients with suspected active TB diseasea
 Ever treated suspected active TB disease who is treated for other diseases? (n = 397)125 (94.0)196 (86.0)28 (77.8)0.012
What did you do as the first thing?
 Isolate patient82 (60.7)109 (46.0)23 (53.5)0.023
 Offer patient wearing surgical mask42 (31.1)80 (33.8)21 (48.8)0.097
 Wear N95 mask on yourself47 (34.8)92 (38.8)23 (53.5)0.091
 Move patient’s room where airborne infection control can properly apply.87 (64.4)152 (64.1)21 (48.8)0.146
 Educate patients and patients’ relatives for cough hygiene55 (40.7)131 (55.3)23 (53.5)0.024
 Transfer to respiratory center59 (43.7)95 (40.1)29 (67.4)0.003
 Inform about it to your supervisor30 (22.2)103 (43.5)25 (58.1)<0.001
 Do nothing0 (0.0)1 (0.4)1 (2.3)0.302
Do you inform the importance of cough hygiene to suspected TB patients? (n = 408)118 (88.7)218 (90.8)33 (94.3)0.580
Do you offer wearing surgical mask to suspected TB patients? (n = 410)118 (89.4)220 (91.3)35 (94.6)0.608
Do you move suspected TB patients to the isolation room? (n = 390)84 (66.1)150 (66.1)29 (80.6)0.221
Do you think your ward have enough isolation rooms to accommodate patients suspected of having tuberculosis? (n = 407)17 (13.0)41 (17.2)12 (32.4)0.020
  1. aActive TB disease was defined as smear-positive M. tuberculosis
  2. SD Standard deviation, TB Tuberculosis