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Table 4 Bivariate analysis of the association of sociodemographic factors with BV and VVC among women attending the PHC centers in Sana’a city, Yemen (2017)

From: Bacterial vaginosis, vulvovaginal candidiasis and trichomonal vaginitis among reproductive-aged women seeking primary healthcare in Sana’a city, Yemen

Variable N BV VVC
n (%) OR (95% CI) P-value n (%) OR (95% CI) P-value
Age (years)
  ≥ 25 245 63 (25.7) Reference   23 (9.4) Reference  
  < 25 101 40 (39.6) 1.9 (1.16–3.10) 0.010 10 (9.9) 1.1 (0.49–2.32) 0.883
Education
 University 64 15 (23.4) Reference   5 (7.8) Reference  
 Pre-university 212 62 (29.2) 1.4 (0.71–2.59) 0.366 21 (9.9) 1.3 (0.47–3.59) 0.616
 Not educated 70 26 (37.1) 1.9 (0.91–0.91) 0.088 7 (10.0) 1.3 (0.39–4.36) 0.659
Residence
 Urban 309 91 (29.4) Reference   30 (9.7) Reference 0.754
 Rural 37 12 (32.4) 1.2 (0.55–2.39) 0.708 3 (8.1) 0.8 (0.24–2.83)
Employment status
 Employed 33 8 (24.2) Reference   3 (9.1) Reference 0.927
 Housewife 313 95 (30.4) 1.4 (0.59–3.13) 0.465 30 (9.6) 1.1 (0.31–3.68)
Husband’s employment status
 Employed 284 85 (29.9) Reference   26 (9.2) Reference 0.604
 Unemployed 62 18 (29.0) 1.0 (0.52–1.75) 0.889 7 (11.3) 1.3 (0.52–3.06)
Polygyny
 No 316 93 (29.4) Reference   26 (8.2) Reference 0.007
 Yes 30 10 (33.3) 1.2 (0.54–2.66) 0.655 7 (23.3) 3.4 (1.33–8.66)
First marriage
 Yes 322 95 (29.5) Reference   28 (8.7) Reference 0.051
 No 24 8 (33.3) 1.2 (0.49–2.89) 0.692 5 (20.8) 2.8 (0.96–7.97)
  1. N number of examined women, n number of infected women, BV bacterial vaginosis, VVC vulvovaginal candidiasis, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, IUCD intrauterine contraceptive device