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Table 1 Distribution of the variables in patients with and without diabetes

From: Differences between diabetic and non-diabetic patients with community-acquired pneumonia in primary care in Spain

  Total
(n = 51,185)
No diabetic
(n = 43,173)
Diabetic
(n = 8012)
P-value
Sex (%)
 Male 24,760 (48.4%) 21,502 (49.8%) 3258 (40.7%) < 0.001
 Female 26,425 (51.6%) 21,671 (50.2%) 4754 (59.3%)  
Age median (IQR) 63.8 (44.7; 79.0) 60.1 (42.1; 77.4) 76.1 (66.0; 83.0) < 0.001
Age category (%)
 18–59 22,623 (44.2%) 21,513 (49.8%) 1110 (13.9%) < 0.001
 60≤ 28,562 (55.8%) 21,660 (50.2%) 6902 (86.1%)  
CVA (%) 2545 (5.0%) 1751 (4.1%) 794 (9.9%) < 0.001
Alcoholism (%) 1563 (3.1%) 1241 (2.9%) 322 (4.0%) < 0.001
Anaemia (%) 6859 (13.4%) 5222 (12.1%) 1637 (20.4%) < 0.001
Arthritis(%) 546 (1.1%) 451 (1.0%) 95 (1.2%) 0.285
Asthma (%) 4480 (8.8%) 3788 (8.8%) 692 (8.6%) 0.706
Heart disease (%) 6424 (12.6%) 4226 (9.8%) 2198 (27.4%) < 0.001
Dementia (%) 2724 (5.3%) 2013 (4.7%) 711 (8.9%) < 0.001
Dental problems (%) 11,381 (22.2%) 9352 (21.7%) 2029 (25.3%) < 0.001
Depression (%) 8404 (16.4%) 6803 (15.8%) 1601 (20.0%) < 0.001
Dysphagia (%) 625 (1.2%) 497 (1.2%) 128 (1.6%) 0.001
Multiple scleriosis (%) 91 (0.2%) 81 (0.2%) 10 (0.1%) 0.280
Epilepsy (%) 1009 (2.0%) 864 (2.0%) 145 (1.8%) 0.277
COPD (%) 5812 (11.4%) 4322 (10.0%) 1490 (18.6%) < 0.001
Liver disease (%) 1891 (3.7%) 1384 (3.2%) 507 (6.3%) < 0.001
Arthrosis (%) 4219 (8.2%) 3151 (7.3%) 1068 (13.3%) < 0.001
Parkinson’s disease (%) 877 (1.7%) 660 (1.5%) 217 (2.7%) < 0.001
Eating disorder (%) 897 (1.8%) 814 (1.9%) 83 (1.0%) < 0.001
Kidney disease (%) 2075 (4.1%) 1323 (3.1%) 752 (9.4%) < 0.001
Social problems (%) 157 (0.3%) 110 (0.3%) 47 (0.6%) < 0.001
HIV 419 (0.8%) 401 (0.9%) 18 (0.2%) < 0.001
Tobacco exposure (%) 28,700 (56.1%) 23,173 (53.7%) 5527 (69.0%) < 0.001
Number of risk factors (%)     < 0.001
 0 9628 (18.8%) 9106 (21.1%) 522 (6.5%)  
 1 15,236 (29.8%) 13,498 (31.3%) 1738 (21.7%)  
 2 12,336 (24.1%) 10,231 (23.7%) 2105 (26.3%)  
 3 7675 (15.0%) 5927 (13.7%) 1748 (21.8%)  
  > 3 6310 (12.3%) 4411 (10.2%) 1899 (23.7%)