Skip to main content

Table 4 Association between the knowledge of CL and attitude towards treatment and residence among residents in CL endemic areas in North West Ethiopia

From: Cutaneous leishmaniasis a neglected tropical disease: community knowledge, attitude and practices in an endemic area, Northwest Ethiopia

Question/responses Residence χ2 P-value
Urban n(%) Rural n(%)
Have you ever seen a patient with CL?
 No 24(48) 26(52) 23.53 0.000
 Yes 64(17.9) 294(82.1)   
Have you ever heard of sand fly?
 No 73(22.7) 248(77.3) 1.224 0.269
 Yes 15(17.2) 72(82.8)   
Do sand flies transmit CL?
 No 28(25.7) 81(74.3) 13.58 0.01
 Yes 33(15.1) 186(84.9)   
 I don’t know 27(33.8) 53(66.2)   
How is CL transmitted?
 I don’t know 43(31.4) 94(68.6) 22.8 0.008
 Direct contact and air droplets 14(31.8) 30(68.2)   
 Sand fly 18(19.4) 75(80.6)   
 Mosquitoes 4(16.7) 20(83.3)   
 Other means 9(8.2) 101(91.8)   
Is CL a serious disease?
 No 3(15) 17(85) 10.94 0.004
 Yes 65(19.3) 272(80.7)   
 I don’t know 20(39.2) 31(60.8)   
Is CL a treatable disease?
 No 8(7.8) 94(92.2) 15.77 0.000
 Yes 55(27.5) 145(72.5)   
 I don’t know 25(23.6) 81(76.4)   
Are there sand fly prevention methods?
 Yes 46(17.8) 213(82.2)   
 I don’t know 42(28.2) 107(71.8) 6.079 0.014
What types of treatment for CL do you know?
 Traditional medicines only 49(17.3) 234(82.7) 19.12 0.001
 Modern medicines only 7(17.5) 33(82.5)   
 I do not know 24(34.3) 46(65.7)   
 Both traditional and modern medicines 3(50) 3(50)   
 Others 5 (55.6) 4(44.4)   
What is your best treatment option?
 Modern medicines 29(25.4) 85(74.6) 9.636 0.008
 Traditional medicines 33(15.7) 177(84.3)   
 I don’t know 26(31) 58(69)