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Table 3 Association between knowledge and attitude towards CL and the education levels among residents in CL endemic areas in northwest Ethiopia

From: Cutaneous leishmaniasis a neglected tropical disease: community knowledge, attitude and practices in an endemic area, Northwest Ethiopia

Questions/responses Education levels frequency and percentages χ2 P-value
Primary n (%) Secondary n (%) Tertiary n (%) Illiterate n (%)
Have you ever seen patients with CL?
 No 81(6) 8 (16) 4(8) 30(60) 4.694 0.196
 Yes 106(29.6) 51(14.2) 16(4.5) 185(51.7)   
Have you heard of sand fly?
 No 88(27.4) 44(13.7) 16(5) 173(53.9) 1.172 0.76
 Yes 26(29.9) 15(17.2) 4(4.6) 42(48.3)   
Do sand flies transmit CL?
 No 24(22) 12(11) 5(4.6) 68(62.4) 7.42 0.284
 Yes 69(31.5) 36(16.4) 10(4.6) 104(47.5)   
 I don’t know 21(26.2) 11(13.8) 5(6.2) 43(53.8)   
How is CL transmitted?
 I don’t know 32(23.4) 16(11.7) 9(6.6) 80(58.4) 11.96 0.449
 Direct contact and air droplets 11(25) 6(13.6) 1(2.3) 26(59.1)   
 Sand fly 26(28) 18(19.4) 6(6.5) 43(46.2)   
 Mosquitoes 6(25) 4(16.7) 0(0.0) 14(58.3)   
 Others 39(35.5) 15(13.6) 4(3.6) 52(47.3)   
Is CL a serious disease?
 No 6(30) 1(5.0) 0(0.0) 13(65) 7.939 0.243
 Yes 99(29.4) 49(14.5) 19(5.6) 170(50.4)   
 I don’t know 9(17.6) 9(17.6) 1(2) 32(62.7)   
Is CL a treatable disease?
 No 31(30.4) 12(11.8) 4(3.9) 55(53.9) 11.67 0.07
 Yes 58(29) 33(16.5) 15(7.5) 94(47)   
 I don’t know 25(23.6) 14(13.2) 1(0.9) 66(62.3)   
Do you know any sand fly prevention methods?
 I don’t know 32(21.5) 16(10.7) 7(4.7) 94(63.1) 10.59 0.014
 Yes 82(31.7) 43(16.6) 13(5) 121(46.7)   
What types of treatment for CL do you know?
 Traditional 76(26.9) 39(13.8) 13(4.6) 155(54.8) 22.93 0.028
 Modern 21(52.5) 5(12.5) 3(7.5) 11(27.5)   
 I don’t know 15(21.4) 11(15.7) 2(2.9) 42(60)   
 Others 1(11.1) 2(22.2) 1(11.1) 5(55.6)   
What is your best treatment option?
 Modern drugs 41(36) 22(19.3) 8(7) 43(37.7) 14.59 0.024
 Traditional drugs 51(24.3) 26(12.4) 9(4.3) 124(59)   
 I don’t know 22(26.2) 11(13.1) 3(3.6) 48(57.1)