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Table 1 Demographic characteristics, clinical features, and microbiological diagnoses of the case reports of Legionella arthritis, including the current case

From: The clinical presentation of Legionella arthritis reveals the mode of infection and the bacterial species: case report and literature review

Case Gender Age (y) Localization Strain Microbiological diagnosis Medical history Immunosuppressive treatment Suspected origin of the infection Pneumonia
Current case Female 56 Left wrist L. bozemanii 16S rRNA PCR, culture Anti-synthetase syndrome Oral and intra-articular CS, MTX, tocilizumab Wound after fall on a wet asphalt No
Banderet et al. 2017 [3] Female 90 Left wrist L. cincinnatiensis 16S rRNA PCR, culture Presumed chondrocalcinosis, chronic kidney disease Oral and intra- articular CS Intra-articular CS injection No
Just et al. 2012 [4] Female 71 Left knee L. bozemanii 16S rRNA PCR, culture Dermatomyositis Oral CS, MTX Skin biopsy No
Fernández-Cruz et al. 2011 [5] Female 83 Right knee L. micdadei 16S rRNA PCR, culture Rheumatoid arthritis Oral CS, MTX Replacement of prosthesis the year before No
Flendrie et al. 2011 [6] Female 58 Right knee L. dumoffii 16S rRNA PCR, culture Systemic erythematosus lupus-like disease Oral and intra-articular CS, MTX Intra-articular injection 2 days before No
Dugar et al. 2009 [7] Male 56 Left foot L. longbeachae Culture Rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus Oral CS, MTX Unknown No
Linscott et al. 2004 [8] Female 80 Right MCP joint L. pneumophila serogroup 4 Culture on chocolate agar No No Unknown No
Thurneysen and Boggian 2014 [9] Male 70 Right knee
Left ankle
L. pneumophila serogroup 1 16S rRNA PCR, culture Secondary thymoma- associated immunoglobulin deficiency No Unknown Yes, 5 months before
Naito et al. 2007 [10] Female 80 Left and Right ankle L. pneumophila serogroup 1 Urinary antigen, 16S rRNA PCR Chronic kidney disease No Unknown Yes, LD 16 days before
Bemer et al. 2002 [11] Male 51 Right wrist and ankle, both knees L. pneumophila serogroup 1 Urinary antigen, Culture on mycobacteria medium Recurrence of thymoma 1 year before No Unknown Yes, at the same time
  1. CS Corticosteroid, LD Legionnaires’ disease, MCP Metacarpophalangeal, MTX Methotrexate, rRNA PCR ribosomal ribonucleic acid polymerase chain reaction