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Table 3 Access to treatment and ongoing HIV care among Dutch aMASE-study participants (n = 247), 2013–2015

From: Disparities in access to and use of HIV-related health services in the Netherlands by migrant status and sexual orientation: a cross-sectional study among people recently diagnosed with HIV infection

  Total Migrant MSM Non-migrant MSM Migrant heterosexual men Non-migrant heterosexual men Migrant women  
(n = 247) (n = 77) (n = 115) (n = 21) (n = 14) (n = 20)  
n % n % n % n % n % n % p-valuea
Currently taking cART 212/247 85.8 67/77 87.0 96/115 83.5 19/21 90.5 13/14 92.9 17/20 85.0  
Weeks between start cART and HIV diagnosis (Median, IQR)b, c 6 3–43 9 3–31 7 4–59 3 1–7 3 2–7 3 2–34 0.002
Reason for no cART used
 My doctor says I do not need them yet 21/35 60.0 6/10 60.0 12/19 63.2 0/2 0.0 1/1 100.0 2/3 66.7  
 I’m afraid of the side effects 3/35 8.6 0/10 0.0 2/19 10.5 0/2 0.0 0/1 0.0 1/3 33.3  
 I’m on a treatment break I agreed with my doctor 5/35 14.3 1/10 10.0 4/19 21.1 0/2 0.0 0/1 0.0 0/3 0.0  
 I will start soon/today 8/35 22.9 3/10 30.0 3/19 15.8 2/2 100.0 0/1 0.0 0/3 0.0  
 I am waiting for approval 1/35 2.9 0/10 0.0 1/19 5.3 0/2 0.0 0/1 0.0 0/3 0.0  
High self-reported cART adherenceb, e 205/209 98.1 65/66 98.5 93/95 97.9 18/18 100.0 13/13 100.0 16/17 94.1  
Finding it difficult to take HIV medication on a regular basisb, f 27/191 14.1 7/53 13.2 10/92 10.9 4/17 23.5 1/13 7.7 5/16 31.3  
Missed appointments at HIV clinic due to the travel costs 10/246 4.1 3/76 3.9 1/115 0.9 3/21 14.3 0/14 0.0 3/20 15.0  
  1. MSM men who have sex with men, cART combination antiretroviral therapy, IQR interquartile range
  2. a only p-values are presented for variables not included in Fig. 2
  3. b Only participants were included who were currently using cART
  4. c 16 missings
  5. d Only participants were included who were not currently using cART. Total number and percentage exceeds 100% because participants could indicate more than one reason
  6. e Measured on a 4-point Likert scale and dichotomized for analyses whereas the answers strongly agree and agree on the statement “I always follow my doctor’s instructions about taking my HIV medication” represent high self-reported cART adherence and strongly disagree and disagree represents low self-reported adherence
  7. f Measured on a 4-point Likert scale and dichotomized for analyses whereas the answers strongly agree and agree on the statement “I find it difficult to take my HIV medication on a regular basis” represent finding it difficult to take HIV medication on a regular basis and strongly disagree and disagree represents not finding it difficult to take HIV medication on a regular basis