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Table 3 Pathogens of co-infection in children with bronchiolitis requiring invasive ventilation

From: Bacterial co-infection of the respiratory tract in ventilated children with bronchiolitis; a retrospective cohort study

  Co-infection (N = 85) Early co-infection (N = 69) Late co-infection (N = 16) p-value
Haemophilus influenza 34 (40.0%) 29 (42.0%) 5 (31.3%) 0,533
Streptococcus pneumoniae 23 (27.1%) 19 (27.5%) 4 (25.0%) 0,637
Moraxella catarrhalis 19 (22.4%) 17 (24.6%) 2 (12.5%) 0,286
Staphylococcus aureus 6 (7.1%) 4 (5.8%) 2 (12.5%) 0,280
Enterobacteriaceae a 3 (3.5%) 3 (18.8%) 0,004
  1. Co-infection: Tracheal culture: > 10^5 CFU/ml or BAL: > 10^4 CFU/ml; Early refers to samples collected < 48 h from intubation. aEnterobacteriaceae: E. coli and Enterobacter cloacae