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Table 2 Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics of People Living with HIV in Criminal Justice Settings (STTR) and in Routine Clinical Care (CNICS) Study Samplesa

From: Self-reported antiretroviral therapy adherence and viral load in criminal justice-involved populations

Sample Characteristics STTR (%) (Range)b CNICS (%)
N 414 11,698
Mean age [SD] 44 [10] 46 [11]
Male 71 (45–100) 84
Race/Ethnicity
 White 13 (0–22)*** 48
 Black 73 (39–100)*** 34
 Hispanic 9 (0–60) 14
Completed High School 62 (50–72) NA
Homeless 36 (0–66) NA
Drug Usec 74 (48–100)*** 37
Binge Alcohol Use 35 (13–56) 32
HIV VL ≥200d 26 (15–56)*** 11
Log (VL + 1) (mean [SD]) 4.3 [2.7] *** 3.6 [2.0]
VAS Adherence ≥95%e 59 (39–88)*** 71
VAS Adherence (mean % [SD]) 88 [20] *** 92 [16]
NNRTI-based regimen 31 (29–41) 29
Protease inhibitor (PI)-based regimen 53 (24–60)*** 25
Integrase inhibitor-based (INSTI) regimen 5 (3–15)*** 22
Combination/Other regimen 11 (9–20)*** 23
Included study timeframe 2011–2015f 2007–2017
  1. Significant differences in mean values (e.g., age) and proportions between STTR and CNICS characteristics indicated by: * P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001
  2. aExcept IMPACT, where the week 2 VL and VAS adherence values were used
  3. bRange of values across 7 included criminal justice-involved studies
  4. cIncludes Cocaine/crack, opiates, methamphetamines, and marijuana
  5. d VL = viral load
  6. eVAS = visual analogue scale of adherence - % of ART medications taken in prior 30 days
  7. fDate range of baseline data collection
  8. SD = standard deviation
  9. STTR – Seek Test, Treat, Retain NIDA-funded criminal justice-involved harmonized sample
  10. CNICS - Centers for AIDS Research Network of Integrated Clinical Systems