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Table 1 Demographic and clinical features of 45 isolates of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus circulating in mainland China

From: Microbiological and clinical characteristics of Streptococcus gallolyticus subsp. pasteurianus infection in China

Infection types Gender Age Sources Underlying diseases Polymicrobial City/Province Year of isolation
Non-pregnancy-related infections
 Abdominal infection Female 41–60 Ascitic fluid Choledochal cyst No Beijing 2016
 Bacteremia(13) Female(4),
≤20, 21–40(2), 41–60(2), > 60(8) Blood (13) Hematuria, aplastic anemia, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, endometrial carcinoma/colon cancer, fatty liver, cholecystitis, liver cancer, bone pain, abdominal pain, diabetes(3), ALL(2). Enterococcus faecalis, MRSA. Henan(2), Guangxi(5), Hubei(3), Shangdong, Neimenggu(2). 2014(3), 2015(2),2016(5),2017(3)
 Bacteremia/infective endocarditis Male 41–60 Blood   No Guangxi 2015
Biliary infection Female > 60 Bile Malignant bile duct tumor No Beijing 2013
 Intra-abdominal infection Male > 60 Abdominal puncture fluid   No Hubei 2014
 Meningitis Male ≤20 CSF Anemia, pneumonia, congenital heart disease No Henan 2017
 Peripancreatic abscess Female 41–60 Peripancreatic drainage Pancreatic tumor No Beijing 2015
 UTI(15) Female (10), Male (5) 21–40(2), > 60(13) Urine (15) Diabetes (7), hematuria, left renal calculus, hydronephrosis.   Beijing(2), Guangxi(5), Henan(5), Shangdong, Henan (2). 2011,2012(2), 2013(2), 2014, 2016(3),2017(6)
Pregnancy-related infections
 Bacteremia Female 21–40 Blood Delivery No Hubei 2014
 Intrauterine infection(7) Female (7) 21–40(7) Fetal membrane (3), Fetal membrane/placenta (4). Premature delivery, post-cesarean delivery, delivery (5) No Beijing(6), Guangxi 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014(2), 2015(2)
 Intrauterine infection/bacteremia(2) Female (2) 21–40(2) Fetal membrane/blood (2) Post-cesarean delivery MRSA Beijing, Guangxi 2012, 2017
 UTI Female 21–40 Urine   No Guangxi 2017
  1. F female, M male, CSF cerebrospinal fluid, UTI urinary tract infection, indicating symptomatic patients with bacteriuria, ALL Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia, MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus; Number in parentheses represents strains, and no number signified only one strain was detected