Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Adherence and viral load suppression in HIV-TB co-infected patients and patients on second-line ART

From: Long-term adherence to antiretroviral therapy in a South African adult patient cohort: a retrospective study

  HIV-TB co-infected patients Patients switched to second-line ART
6 month period before TB treatment, n (%) During TB treatment, n(%) 6 month period before regimen change, n(%) 6 months after regimen change, n(%) 6 month period before regimen change, n(%) 12 months after regimen changea, n(%)
Mean ART adherence
 < 95% 0 (0) 3 (18) 7 (33) 2 (10) 7 (33) 0
 ≥ 95% 17 (100) 14 (82) 14 (67) 19 (90) 14 (67) 19 (90)
p-value 0.250 0.180 0.016
Viral load
 ≥ 400 copies/mL 2 (12) 3 (18) 21 (100) 5 (24) 21 (100) 1 (5)
 < 400 copies/mL 15 (88) 14 (82) 0 (0) 16 (76) 0 (0) 19 (90)
p-value 0.563 < 0.0001 < 0.0001
  1. n Number of patients
  2. ART Antiretroviral therapy
  3. TB Tuberculosis
  4. a 3 missing data