Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses showing the risk factors for mortality among children with TB in Accra, June 2010 to December 2013

From: Childhood tuberculosis and treatment outcomes in Accra: a retrospective analysis

Characteristic Died Successfully treated Univariable analyses Multivariable analyses
  N (%) N (%) Unadjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI) p-value
Sex
 Male 8 (7.2) 103 (82.7) Ref   Ref  
 Female 10 (10.2) 88 (89.8) 1.42 (0.56, 3.58) 0.461 2.0 (0.71, 5.60) 0.187
Age
  < 1 2 (6.90) 27 (93.1) Ref   Ref  
 1–4 12 (13.3) 78 (86.7) 2.1 (0.44, 9.88) 0.358 2.1 (0.40, 10.9) 0.386
 5–9 1 (2.0) 48 (98.0) 0.56 (0.07, 4.22) 0.576 0.74 (0.09, 6.11) 0.778
 10–14 3 (6.8) 41 (93.2) 1.32 (0.22, 7.70) 0.760 1.24 (0.16, 9.93) 0.838
TB type
 Clinically diagnosed pulmonary TB 3 (3.9) 74 (96.1) Ref   Ref  
 EPTB 2 (5.7) 33 (94.3) 2.24 (0.43, 11.70) 0.338 2.75 (0.45, 16.88) 0.274
 Smear positive PTB 12 (12.2) 86 (87.8) 3.73 (1.02, 13.59) 0.046 6.10 (1.04, 35.57) 0.045
HIV status
 Negative 6 (5.3) 108 (94.7) Ref   Ref  
 Positive 12 (12.8) 82 (87.2) 2.45 (0.93, 6.41) 0.069 3.85 (1.24, 11.4) 0.020
Facility
 Children’s Hospital 12 (12.0) 88 (88.0) Ref   Ref  
 General Hospitals 3 (4.6) 62 (95.4) 0.35 (0.10, 1.31) 0.120 1.30(0.21, 8.20) 0.778
 Specialized Hospitals 2 (5.9) 32 (94.1) 1.22 (0.24, 6.14) 0.807 4.00 (0.45, 35.34) 0.212
 Polyclinics 1 (7.7) 12 (92.3) 0.69 (0.18, 2.59) 0.580 1.85 (0.29, 11.7) 0.514