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Table 5 Parsimonious multinomial logistic regression model for factors associated with HR-TB and PDR-TB or MDR-TB, in reference to DS-TB, excluding patients with a history of previous treatment (N = 298)

From: Factors associated with isoniazid resistant tuberculosis among human immunodeficiency virus positive patients in Swaziland: a case-control study

Variable HR-TB or PDR-TB MDR-TB
OR [95% CI] OR [95% CI]
Residence: Rural 1.55 [0.88–2.72] 1.02 [0.50–2.08]
Heavy alcohol drinking
 Current 1 1
 Previous 0.31 [0.12–0.81]* 0.76 [0.30–3.96]
 Never 0.45 [0.21–0.97]* 1.09 [0.29–3.09]
TB treatment non-adherence 2.09 [1.01–4.35]* 3.26 [1.43–7.45]*
  1. HR-TB Isoniazid mono-resistant tuberculosis, PDR-TB poly drug-resistant tuberculosis; MDR-TB multi drug-resistant tuberculosis, DS-TB drug-susceptible tuberculosis
  2. *p < 0.05