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Table 4 Parsimonious multinomial logistic regression model for factors associated with HR-TB and PDR-TB or MDR-TB, in reference to DS-TB (N = 400)

From: Factors associated with isoniazid resistant tuberculosis among human immunodeficiency virus positive patients in Swaziland: a case-control study

Variable HR-TB or PDR-TB MDR-TB
OR [95% CI] OR [95% CI]
Residence: Rural 2.02 [1.23–3.32]* 1.27 [0.71–2.27]
History of previous TB treatment 7.91 [4.14–15.11]* 12.20 [6.07–24.54]*
Heavy alcohol drinking
 Current 1 1
 Previous 0.36 [0.16–0.81]* 0.76 [0.27–2.13]
 Never 0.46 [0.23–0.92]* 1.16 [0.46–2.93]
TB treatment non-adherence 1.52 [0.81–2.86] 3.01 [1.56–5.82]*
  1. HR-TB Isoniazid mono-resistant tuberculosis, PDR-TB poly drug-resistant tuberculosis, MDR-TB: multi drug-resistant tuberculosis, DS-TB drug-susceptible tuberculosis
  2. *p < 0.05