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Table 1 Patient demographics, procedures utilized and surgical factors at the UCC of Kosovo, Clinic for Obstetrics and Gynecology (N = 325)

From: Surgical site infections after cesarean sections at the University Clinical Center of Kosovo: rates, microbiological profile and risk factors

Variables Mean Minimum Maximum Std.Dev.
Age 31.3 17.0 46.0 5.516561
Living place No %
Urban 210 64.6
Rural 115 35.4
Co-morbidity: yes
 Diabetes 6 1.8
 Anemia 16 4.9
 Obesity 5 1.5
 Hypertensive disease/preeclampsia 17 5.2
 Hypothyroidism 1 0.3
 Hypoproteinemia 1 0.3
 Tuberculosis (TBC) 1 0.3
Previous C-section
 Yes 46 14.1
Preoperative antibiotics
 Yes 214 65.8
Postoperative antibiotics
 Yes 325 100.0
Anaesthesia
 Regional 305 93.8
 General 20 6.2
 Days in hospital – postoperativelya 4.2 2.0 29.0 3.394804
 SSI/groupb 11.2 7.8
 without SSI/groupc 3.4 0.6
 Duration of operation
  > 1 h 134 41.2
  < 1 h 191 58.8
Emergency (labored) / Elective(scheduled) C-section
 Emergency 102 31.4
 Elective 223 68.6
  1. a Mann-Whitney U test (U = 1061.5, Z = 70,969,348, p = 0.000)
  2. bGroup with surgical site infection (SSI) c Group without surgical site infection