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Table 1 Differences between HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected participants at baseline

From: Assessing rates and contextual predictors of 5-year mortality among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected individuals following HIV testing in Durban, South Africa

  Overall, n = 4816 HIV-infected, n = 1897 HIV-uninfected, n = 2919 P *
Age, yrs
 Median (IQR) 31.0 (24–41) 33.0 (27–41) 28.0 (22–42) < 0.001
Sex, n (%)
 Male 2477 [51] 964 (51) 1513 [52] 0.491
 Female 2339 [49] 933 (49) 1406 [48]  
Marital status, n (%)
 Never married 3738 (78) 1535 (81) 2203 (76) < 0.001
 Currently married 810 (17) 265 (14) 545 (19)  
 Divorce/separated/widowed 239 (5) 85 (5) 154 (5)  
Education, n (%)
 Some high school or greater 4148 (87) 1614 (86) 2534 (87) 0.236
 Primary school or less 638 (13) 270 (14) 368 (13)  
Mode of transport, n (%)
 Public transport (bus, taxi) 2283 [48] 877 (47) 1406 [48] < 0.001
 Private transport 1117 [23] 524 (28) 593 (20)  
 Other 1387 [29] 484 (26) 903 (31)  
Distance from clinic, n (%)
 Less than 5 km 1177 [25] 352 (19) 825 (28) < 0.001
 At least 5 km 3610 (75) 1533 (81) 2077 (72)  
Health facility type, n (%)
 Primary health clinics 1234 [26] 404 (21) 830 (28) < 0.001
 Hospital outpatient departments 3582 (74) 1493 (79) 2089 (72)  
Work hours outside home, n (%)
 None 2697 [56] 944 (50) 1753 [60] < 0.001
 Less than 40 h 603 (13) 318 (17) 285 (10)  
 40 h or more 1516 [32] 635 (34) 881 (30)  
Prior HIV testing, n (%)
 Yes 1870 [39] 464 (25) 1406 [48] < 0.001
 No 2917 (61) 1421 (75) 1496 [52]  
Health care use in prior year, n (%)
 None 715 (15) 256 (14) 459 (16) 0.006
 1–2 times 1499 [31] 570 (30) 929 (32)  
 3–5 times 1732 [36] 684 (36) 1048 [36]  
  > 5 times 841 (18) 375 (20) 466 (16)  
Visit to traditional healer in prior year, n (%)
 Yes 1567 [33] 708 (38) 859 (30) < 0.001
 No 3220 (67) 1177 (62) 2043 (70)  
Social support score
 Median (IQR) 75 (54–87) 67 (50–83) 75 (60–90) < 0.001
Mental health score
 Median (IQR) 64 (56–80) 64 (56–76) 68 (56–84) < 0.001
Reported barriers to healthcare, n (%)
 Yes 1809 [38] 830 (44) 979 (34) < 0.001
 No 3007 (62) 1067 [56] 1940 (66)  
Number of barriers for participants reporting barriers
 Median (IQR) 3 (2–6) 4 (2–6) 3 (1–5) < 0.001
Number of barrier domains for participants reporting barriers
 Median (IQR) 3 (1–4) 3 (2–4) 2 (1–4) < 0.001
Gone without healthcare for basic needs, n (%)
 Yes 920 (19) 414 (22) 506 (17) < 0.001
 No 3896 (81) 1483 (78) 2413 (83)  
Gone without basic needs for healthcare, n (%)
 Yes 724 (15) 323 (17) 401 (14) 0.002
 No 4092 (85) 1574 (83) 2518 (86)