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Table 1 Independent predictors of ≥1 type of resistant infection included in the multivariate analysisa

From: Development of a bedside tool to predict the probability of drug-resistant pathogens among hospitalized adult patients with gram-negative infections

  Predictor CRE 3GC-R MDRP
Hospital Community Hospital Community Hospital Community
Other Infection site b
ICU vs non-ICU      
Hospital prevalence
Patient Age      
Transfer
Admission in prior 6 months
Prior number of antibiotics c      
Infection in prior 3 months    
Comorbiditiesd Cancer      
Cerebrovascular disease      
Chronic pulmonary disease     
Heart failure       
Diabetes with complications     
Diabetes without complications      
Dialysis  
Mild liver disease      
Myocardial infarction    
Para/hemiplegia    
Peripheral vascular disease       
  1. 3GC-R third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, CRE carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, ICU intensive care unit, MDRP multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
  2. aBoldface cells = most important predictors across most models (predictors incurring the highest level of risk compared with the reference value).
  3. bComplicated urinary tract infection, complicated intra-abdominal infection, bloodstream infection, or hospital-acquired/ventilator-associated pneumonia.
  4. cPrior number of antibiotics was not included for community-acquired infection because of the difficulty of recovering accurate data
  5. dPrimary and secondary diagnoses were based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification [ICD-9-CM] codes