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Table 1 Univariate analysis of factors associated with returning for a study exit interview amongst HIV positive infants aged 6 weeks till 18 months, South Africa, 2012–2014

From: Uptake of care and treatment amongst a national cohort of HIV positive infants diagnosed at primary care level, South Africa

Characteristics Category Returned for study exit interview n = 59 Did not return for study exit interview n = 42 P
Number Mean/Proportion 95% CI Number Mean/Proportion 95% CI
Mean Age   59 26.9 ± 5.4a [25.6, 28.3] 41 26.3 ± 6.7a [24.2, 28.4] 0.74
Marital status Single 45 76.3 [63.5, 85.6] 32 76.2 [60.7, 86.9] 0.99
Other 14 23.7 [13.9, 35.4] 10 23.8 [12.2, 37.0]
Meal Cut in size due to poor socio-economic circumstances Yes 14 23.7 [13.1–39.3] 10 23.8 [13.1, 39.3] 0.99
No 45 76.3 [63.5, 85.6] 32 76.2 [60.7, 86.9]
Maternal Education 0 up to Grade 7 18 30.5 [20.0, 43.6] 6 14.6 [6.6, 29.4] 0.06
Grade 8 and above 41 79.5 [56.4, 80.0] 35 85.4 [70.6,93.4]  
Experienced discrimination due to HIV status Yes 8 16.3 [8.2, 29.8] 3 9.4 [2.9, 26.1] 0.36
No 41 83.7 [70.2, 91.8] 29 90.6 [73.9, 97.1]
Disclosure to friend or family Yes 41 69.5 [57.4, 80.0] 28 66.7 [50.9, 79.4] 0.77
No/other 18 30.5 [20.0, 43.6] 14 33.3 [20.6, 49.1]  
Infant hospitalised by 6 weeks for ≥1 nights Yes 3 5.1 [1.6, 14.9] 2 4.9 [1.2 18.0] 0.96
No 56 94.9 [85.1, 98.4] 39 95.1 [82.0, 98.8]
Mother hospitalised between 6 and 14 weeks for ≥1 night Yes 1 2.6 [0.03, 17.6] 0 0 0.32
No 37 97.4 [82.4, 99.7] 11 100.0
Mother on ART Yes 25 51.0 [37, 64.9] 13 40.6 [24.8, 58.6] 0.4
No 40 49 [35.1, 63.0] 19 59.4 [41.4, 75.2]
Infant had difficulty breathing in last 2 weeks Yes 6 10.2 [4.6, 21.1] 3 7.3 [2.3, 20.9] 0.62
No 53 89.8 [78.9, 95.4] 38 92.7 [79.297.7]
Infant had diarrhoea in last 2 weeks Yes 1 1.7 [0.2, 1.1] 3 7.3 [2.3, 20.8] 0.21
No 58 98.3 [88.5, 99.9] 38 92.7 [79.2, 97.7]
Time travelling to clinic (mins) 59 27.8 ± 18.3 [23.0, 32.6] 42 25.6 ± 14.2 [21.2,30.0] 0.50
Infants birth weight (kg) 59 2.8 ± 0.53 [2.7, 3.0] 41 2.8 ± 0.55 [2.6, 3.0] 0.98
Infants gestation at birth 43 37.9 ± 2.3 [37.2, 38.6] 28 37.9 ± 3.2 [36.6,39.1] 0.79
Infants weight at 6 weeks 54 4.4 ± 0.76 [4.21,4.6] 38 4.22 ± 0.9 [3.9,4.5] 0.20
  1. astandard deviation