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Table 1 Characteristics of mothers (N = 1572) on ART at 6 weeks postpartum and infants (N = 2370) on NVP at 6 weeks postpartum among a cohort in South Africa in 2012–2014

From: Longitudinal adherence to maternal antiretroviral therapy and infant Nevirapine prophylaxis from 6 weeks to 18 months postpartum amongst a cohort of mothers and infants in South Africa

Characteristics Mothers on ART at 6 weeks
N = 1572
Infants on NVP at 6 weeks
N = 2370
N (%) N (%)
MATERNAL CHARACTERISTICS
 Maternal age
  16–24 years 298 (19.0) 619 (26.1)
  25–34 years 931 (59.2) 1334 (56.3)
  35+ years 343 (21.8) 417 (17.6)
 Education of mother
  Grades 1–7 297 (18.9) 410 (17.3)
  Grades 8–12 1196 (76.1) 1827 (77.1)
  Tertiary 53 (3.4) 94 (4.0)
  None/DK/NA 26 (1.6) 39 (1.6)
 Marital status
  Single 1113 (70.8) 1751 (73.9)
  Married 295 (18.8) 395 (16.7)
  Co-habiting 151 (9.6) 207 (8.7)
  Widowed 10 (0.6) 13 (0.6)
  Divorced/separated 3 (0.2) 4 (0.2)
 Province
  Northern Cape 60 (3.8) 76 (3.2)
  Limpopo 148 (9.4) 233 (9.8)
  Eastern Cape 143 (9.1) 206 (8.7)
  Free State 222 (14.1) 301 (12.7)
  Gauteng 312 (19.9) 471 (19.9)
  KwaZulu Natal 252 (16.0) 407 (17.2)
  Mpumalanga 151 (9.6) 266 (11.2)
  North West 139 (8.9) 201 (8.5)
  Western Cape 145 (9.2) 209 (8.8)
 Primary source of income
  Othera 1225 (77.9) 1910 (80.6)
  Own employment 347 (22.1) 460 (19.4)
 Parity
  One child 323 (20.6) 562 (23.7)
  2–3 children 983 (62.5) 1453 (61.3)
  4+ children 266 (16.9) 355 (15.0)
 Transport to clinic
  Walk 892 (56.7) 1309 (55.2)
  Taxi/Bus/Train 603 (38.4) 956 (40.3)
  Own vehicle 68 (4.3) 89 (3.8)
  Other 9 (0.6) 16 (0.7)
 Time to reach clinic (minutes)
  0–30 min 1280 (81.4) 1919 (81.0)
  > 30 min 292 (18.6) 451 (19.0)
PREGNANCY AND CONTINUUM OF CARE
 Planned pregnancy
  No 936 (59.5) 1491 (62.9)
  Yes 633 (40.3) 879 (37.1)
  DK/NA 3 (0.2) 0 (0.0)
 Timeliness of first ANC visit
   > 12 weeks 1030 (65.5) 1589 (67.1)
   ≤ 12 weeks 542 (34.5) 781 (32.9)
 ANC Visits
   < 4 visits 156 (9.9) 286 (12.1)
  4+ visits 1416 (90.1) 2084 (87.9)
 Delivery care location
  Hospital 1246 (79.3) 1830 (77.2)
  Clinic 283 (18.0) 456 (19.3)
  Home/other 43 (2.7) 84 (3.5)
 PNC Visits
  < 3 visits 1269 (80.7) 1885 (79.5)
  3+ visits 303 (19.3) 485 (20.5)
 Ever breastfed infant in first 6 weeks
  No 1005 (63.9) 1485 (62.7)
  Yes 567 (36.1) 885 (37.3)
HIV TESTING AND TREATMENT FACTORS
 HIV status disclosed to family and/or friends
  No 177 (11.3) 400 (16.9)
  Yes 1395 (88.7) 1970 (83.1)
 Aware of CD4 cell count
  CD4 test done and result received 1037 (65.9) 1519 (64.1)
  CD4 test not done 49 (3.1) 119 (5.0)
  CD4 test done, result not received 441 (28.1) 668 (28.2)
  Do not know if had CD4 test 45 (2.9) 64 (2.7)
 Ever heard of PMTCT
  No 192 (12.2) 288 (12.2)
  Yes 1380 (87.8) 2082 (87.8)
 Initiated ART after delivery
  No 599 (38.1) 691 (29.1)
  Yes 783 (49.8) 1457 (61.5)
  Don’t know/Chose not to answer 190 (12.1) 222 (9.4)
  1. a Other primary sources of income include: Child support grant, disability grant, partner/husband/ex-husband, other family member