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Table 1 Baseline characteristics

From: Pilot study for risk assessment of aspiration pneumonia based on oral bacteria levels and serum biomarkers

  AP CAP Con  
(n = 22) (n = 20) (n = 20)
Age, mean±standard deviation (years) 84.7 ± 6.1 81.3 ± 7.4 73.6 ± 8.5 AP vs CAP NS
AP vs Con and
CAP vs Con p <0.001
Male, number (%) 11 (50) 16 (80) 14 (70)  
Underling Disease (%)
 cerebrovascular disease 13 (59.0) 0 0  
 swallowing disorder 9 (27.3) 0 0  
 chronic neurological disease 2 (9.1) 0 0  
 dementia 8 (36.4) 0 0  
 diabetes mellitus 3 (13.6) 3 (15.0) 5 (25.0)  
 COPD 3 (13.6) 7 (35.0) 7 (35.0)