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Table 2 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis showing predictors of attitude towards Zika virus infection (good vs. poor) (N = 457)

From: Knowledge and attitude towards pregnancy-related issues of Zika virus infection among general practitioners in Indonesia

Variable n (%) Good attitudes
n (%)
Univariate Multivariate
OR (95% CI) P–value aOR (95% CI) P–value
Location
 Aceh (R) 365 (79.9) 84 (23.0) 1   1  
 Non-Aceh 92 (20.1) 27 (29.3) 1.39 (0.83–2.32) 0.207 1.31 (0.75–2.27) 0.341
Gender
 Male (R) 192 (42.0) 54 (28.1) 1   1  
 Female 265 (58.0) 57 (21.5) 0.70 (0.46–1.08) 0.104 0.64 (0.40–1.03) 0.065
Age group
 30 years or less (R) 279 (61.1) 55 (19.7) 1   1  
 More than 30 years 178 (38.9) 56 (31.5) 1.87 (1.21–2.88) 0.005* 1.59 (0.78–3.21) 0.200
Education
 General practitioner (GP) (R) 407 (89.1) 93 (22.9) 1   1  
 GP with master’s or doctoral degree 50 (10.9) 18 (36.0) 1.90 (1.02–3.54) 0.043* 1.83 (0.82–4.08) 0.140
Occupation
 GP and non-university staff (R) 356 (77.9) 82 (23.0) 1   1  
 GP and university staff 56 (12.3) 18 (32.1) 1.58 (0.86–2.92) 0.142 0.63 (0.27–1.51) 0.300
 Specialist residency 45 (9.8) 11 (24.4) 1.08 (0.53–2.23) 0.833 0.41 (0.16–1.02) 0.056
Department
 Community health centre (R) 162 (35.4) 40 (24.7) 1    
 Emergency unit 136 (29.8) 30 (22.1) 0.86 (0.50–1.48) 0.594   
 Others 159 (34.8) 41 (25.8) 1.06 (0.64–1.75) 0.821   
Type of workplace
 Community health centre (R) 95 (20.8) 19 (20.0) 1    
 Private clinic or hospital 191 (41.8) 48 (25.1) 1.34 (0.74–2.45) 0.336   
 Government hospital 171 (37.4) 44 (25.7) 1.39 (0.75–2.55) 0.293   
Location of workplace
 District (R) 137 (30.0) 26 (19.0) 1   1  
 Regency 184 (40.3) 46 (25.0) 1.42 (0.83–2.45) 0.202 1.37 (0.78–2.41) 0.275
 Province 136 (29.8) 39 (28.7) 1.72 (0.98–3.02) 0.061 1.70 (0.88–3.28) 0.116
Attended province-level conference
 Yes 302 (66.1) 79 (26.2) 1.36 (0.85–2.17) 0.194 1.19 (0.71–1.99) 0.506
 No (R) 155 (33.9) 32 (20.6) 1   1  
Attended national conference
 Yes 160 (35.0) 47 (29.4) 1.51 (0.98–2.35) 0.064 1.18 (0.70–1.98) 0.540
 No (R) 297 (65.0) 64 (21.5) 1   1  
Attended international conference
 Yes 32 (7.0) 11 (34.4) 1.70 (0.79–3.65) 0.172 1.04 (0.44–2.46) 0.937
 No (R) 425 (93.0) 100 (23.5) 1   1  
Medical practice experience (years)
 Less than 5 years (R) 303 (66.3) 64 (21.1) 1   1  
 5 years or more 154 (33.7) 47 (30.5) 1.64 (1.06–2.55) 0.028* 1.28 (0.63–2.64) 0.496
Had contact with patient(s) presenting signs and symptoms of Zika virus infection
 Yes 36 (7.9) 18 (50.0) 3.53 (1.76–7.05) < 0.001** 3.14 (1.49–6.58) 0.003**
 No (R) 421 (92.1) 93 (22.1) 1   1  
  1. aOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, OR Odds ratio, R Reference group
  2. * Significance at 0.05, ** Significance at 0.01