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Table 1 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis showing predictors of knowledge about Zika virus infection (good vs. poor) (N = 457)

From: Knowledge and attitude towards pregnancy-related issues of Zika virus infection among general practitioners in Indonesia

Variable n (%) Good knowledge
n (%)
Univariate Multivariate
OR (95% CI) P–value aOR (95% CI) P–value
Location
 Aceh (R) 365 (79.9) 245 (67.1) 1    
 Non-Aceh 92 (20.1) 59 (64.1) 0.88 (0.54–1.41) 0.587   
Gender
 Male (R) 192 (42.0) 128 (66.7) 1    
 Female 265 (58.0) 176 (66.4) 0.99 (0.67–1.47) 0.995   
Age group
 30 years or less (R) 279 (61.1) 183 (65.6) 1    
 More than 30 years 178 (38.9) 121 (68.0) 1.11 (0.75–1.66) 0.598   
Education
 General practitioner (R) 407 (89.1) 267 (65.6) 1   1  
 GP with master’s or doctoral degree 50 (10.9) 37 (74.0) 1.49 (0.77–2.90) 0.237 1.20 (0.55–2.63) 0.642
Occupation
 GP and non-university staff (R) 356 (77.9) 235 (66.0) 1   1  
 GP and university staff 56 (12.3) 43 (76.8) 1.70 (0.88–3.29) 0.113 1.47 (0.67–3.21) 0.334
 Specialist residency 45 (9.8) 26 (57.8) 0.71 (0.38–1.32) 0.227 0.61 (0.30–1.22) 0.162
Department
 Community health centre (R) 162 (35.4) 103 (63.6) 1    
 Emergency unit 136 (29.8) 95 (69.9) 1.33 (0.82–2.16) 0.254   
 Others 159 (34.8) 106 (66.7) 1.15 (0.72–1.81) 0.562   
Type of workplace
 Community health centre (R) 95 (20.8) 57 (60.0) 1   1  
 Private clinic or hospital 191 (41.8) 133 (69.6) 1.53 (0.92–2.56) 0.105 1.39 (0.82–2.36) 0.222
 Government hospital 171 (37.4) 114 (66.7) 1.33 (0.79–2.24) 0.277 1.50 (0.86–2.60) 0.153
Location of workplace
 District (R) 137 (30.0) 87 (63.5) 1    
 Regency 184 (40.3) 123 (66.8) 1.16 (0.73–1.84) 0.533   
 Province 136 (29.7) 94 (69.1) 1.29 (0.78–2.13) 0.327   
Attended province-level conference
 Yes 302 (66.1) 202 (66.9) 1.05 (0.70–1.58) 0.817   
 No (R) 155 (33.9) 102 (65.8) 1    
Attended national conference
 Yes 160 (35.0) 104 (65.0) 0.90 (0.60–1.35) 0.613   
 No (R) 297 (65.0) 200 (67.3) 1    
Attended international conference
 Yes 32 (7.0) 20 (62.5) 0.83 (0.39–1.74) 0.618   
 No (R) 425 (93.0) 284 (66.8) 1    
Medical practice experience (years)
 Less than 5 years (R) 303 (66.3) 197 (65.0) 1    
 5 years or more 154 (33.7) 107 (69.5) 1.23 (0.81–1.86) 0.340   
Had contact with patient(s) presenting signs and symptoms of Zika virus infection
 Yes 36 (7.9) 22 (61.1) 0.78 (0.39–1.56) 0.475   
 No (R) 421 (92.1) 282 (67.0) 1    
  1. aOR Adjusted odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, OR Odds ratio, R Reference group